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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

What is the general molecular formula for a cycloalkyne in which one carbon–carbon triple bond is present?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The general formula for a cycloalkyne that contain one carbon‑carbon triple bond has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms. Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements. The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories. They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon. The hydrocarbons that contain atleast one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.

Alkynes are a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons. These will have at least one triple bond between two carbon atoms. An alkyne is an acyclic unsaturated hydrocarbon. The functional group of alkyne is CC. The general formula of alkyne with one triple bond is CnH2n-2.

Cycloalkynes with one triple bond has a general molecular formula of CnH2n-4. This is a cyclic unsaturated hydrocarbon.

Explanation

Alkyne with one triple bond has general formula of CnH2n-2. In case of cycloalkyne, a ring structure is formed by loss of two hydrogen atoms

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