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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Characterize the physical properties of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons as being similar or dissimilar.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The chemical property of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons being similar or dissimilar has to be characterized.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.  The compounds which contain only single bonds between carbon atoms is known as alkanes.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain atleast one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.  The unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain double bond between carbon atoms is known as alkene and triple bond between carbon atoms is known as alkyne.

Saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons have almost similar physical property.  This is because they both contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  The difference lies in the bonds present between the carbon atoms only.

Explanation

Unsaturated hydrocarbons are the ones which contain multiple bonds between carbon atoms.  Saturated hydrocarbons contain only single bonds between the carbon atoms.  The chemical properties of unsaturated hydrocarbons are dissimilar compared to saturated hydrocarbons...

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