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Redesigning the Procure-to-Pay System at Coca Cola Consolidated: The CPO Perspective At the Coupa INSPIRE procurement conference in San Francisco held in April, 2013, the Chief Procurement Officer of Coca Cola Consolidated (located in Charlotte, NC), Patrick Hopkins, shared his views on the “4 Truths of Procurement”, and how he has operationalized his views through the deployment of procure-to-pay software. Coca Cola Consolidated, located in Greensboro North Carolina, which later moved its headquarters to Charlotte, NC, is one of the last remaining private bottlers of Coke. Coke Consolidated has come up with many innovations since then, including the introduction of Cherry Coke. Today, Coke Consolidated is one of 64 bottlers nationwide, has 6000 employees who sell a case of coke every four seconds! When it comes to “procurement truths,” Hopkinds shared what he believes are critical issues that procurement needs to think about when deploying any type procure-to-pay system. He offered these insights based on the extensive process that Coke Consolidated went through in implementing their version of the Coupa software platform. 1. The product must be in the catalog. 2. Users must be able to find what they need. 3. Data must be right. 4. Users must WANT to use the system. When Coke first started looking at e-procurement systems, they questioned why they should go out of the current ERP system that was already deployed. They developed a list of 48 criteria that needed to be met in considering different P2P systems. The software provider, Coupa met all of them, and Coke signed a letter of intent with the provider to deploy the system. The decision was to keep the front end of the system in SAP, and use Coupa for the procure to order elements of the P2P process. The Coupa system would issue the PO to the provider, and a companion non-functional PO would reside in SAP, out of which payment would occur from the invoice. Deployment occurred December 1, 2012. Here’s how the roll-out fared compared to Coke’s four truths. 1. The product must be in the catalog. All of the items initially piloted ended up being in the catalog. The catalogs could be internally hosted using COUPA or in a “punch out” mode using the SAP system. Both forms were used to access the items. The only glitch identified was for the Grainger-based material systems, where the discounted pricing Grainger provided did not show up in the catalog pricing, so users thought they might be able to get a “better deal” as the discounted pricing was not shown. One of the other issues was to reduce the number of items Office Max had in their catalog from 10,000 to 3,000—the net savings? 10%! 2. Users find what they need. The team ensured that employees were well trained prior to implementation, and as a result, there was very fast response time. The metric used to determine if this criteria was met was the “binary rule” that went as follows: users were able to find their exact match or 100% of all alternatives the first time using ONE SEARCH. This refers to the ability of the search engine to find the part using keyword searches in a description field. The system worked, and users found what they needed with zero chance of error, ensuring the right part was delivered to the right person at the right location. 3. The data must be right. The system was able to drive good visibility and inventory availability of material, and the accuracy of the master data tile was established. 4. Users must want to use it. This was a critical element, the major element of success is whether users are satisfied with a P2P system. The system allows mobility across different applications, including iPhones and Android devices, and is easy to use. Patrick notes that “after we deployed, the phones were quiet, which was a great sign that things were working.” Overall the system captured spend visibility, had become device agnostic (as it was hosted in the cloud as a service), it was easy to use and streamlined the travel and expenses reimbursement process, and was easy to add new suppliers. This latter feature was important, as with everyone using the system, when people wished to add a new supplier, they were first pointed to existing suppliers who already sold the product, thereby limiting the number of suppliers expanding into the system. While deployment is still under way, Hopkins notes that “this was the most successful deployment of e-procurement since we introduced p-cards”. The cloud solution makes it easy to implement and easy to intergrate into existing SAP systems. Questions Why do you think a different system was adapted instead of the SAP ERP system in this case? What do you think was the rationale?

BuyFind

Purchasing and Supply Chain Manage...

6th Edition
Robert M. Monczka + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869681
BuyFind

Purchasing and Supply Chain Manage...

6th Edition
Robert M. Monczka + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869681

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 2, Problem 3GPE
Textbook Problem

Redesigning the Procure-to-Pay System at Coca Cola Consolidated: The CPO Perspective

At the Coupa INSPIRE procurement conference in San Francisco held in April, 2013, the Chief Procurement Officer of Coca Cola Consolidated (located in Charlotte, NC), Patrick Hopkins, shared his views on the “4 Truths of Procurement”, and how he has operationalized his views through the deployment of procure-to-pay software.

Coca Cola Consolidated, located in Greensboro North Carolina, which later moved its headquarters to Charlotte, NC, is one of the last remaining private bottlers of Coke. Coke Consolidated has come up with many innovations since then, including the introduction of Cherry Coke. Today, Coke Consolidated is one of 64 bottlers nationwide, has 6000 employees who sell a case of coke every four seconds! When it comes to “procurement truths,” Hopkinds shared what he believes are critical issues that procurement needs to think about when deploying any type procure-to-pay system. He offered these insights based on the extensive process that Coke Consolidated went through in implementing their version of the Coupa software platform.

  1. 1. The product must be in the catalog.
  2. 2. Users must be able to find what they need.
  3. 3. Data must be right.
  4. 4. Users must WANT to use the system.

When Coke first started looking at e-procurement systems, they questioned why they should go out of the current ERP system that was already deployed. They developed a list of 48 criteria that needed to be met in considering different P2P systems. The software provider, Coupa met all of them, and Coke signed a letter of intent with the provider to deploy the system. The decision was to keep the front end of the system in SAP, and use Coupa for the procure to order elements of the P2P process. The Coupa system would issue the PO to the provider, and a companion non-functional PO would reside in SAP, out of which payment would occur from the invoice. Deployment occurred December 1, 2012. Here’s how the roll-out fared compared to Coke’s four truths.

  1. 1. The product must be in the catalog. All of the items initially piloted ended up being in the catalog. The catalogs could be internally hosted using COUPA or in a “punch out” mode using the SAP system. Both forms were used to access the items. The only glitch identified was for the Grainger-based material systems, where the discounted pricing Grainger provided did not show up in the catalog pricing, so users thought they might be able to get a “better deal” as the discounted pricing was not shown. One of the other issues was to reduce the number of items Office Max had in their catalog from 10,000 to 3,000—the net savings? 10%!
  2. 2. Users find what they need. The team ensured that employees were well trained prior to implementation, and as a result, there was very fast response time. The metric used to determine if this criteria was met was the “binary rule” that went as follows: users were able to find their exact match or 100% of all alternatives the first time using ONE SEARCH. This refers to the ability of the search engine to find the part using keyword searches in a description field. The system worked, and users found what they needed with zero chance of error, ensuring the right part was delivered to the right person at the right location.
  3. 3. The data must be right. The system was able to drive good visibility and inventory availability of material, and the accuracy of the master data tile was established.
  4. 4. Users must want to use it. This was a critical element, the major element of success is whether users are satisfied with a P2P system. The system allows mobility across different applications, including iPhones and Android devices, and is easy to use. Patrick notes that “after we deployed, the phones were quiet, which was a great sign that things were working.”

Overall the system captured spend visibility, had become device agnostic (as it was hosted in the cloud as a service), it was easy to use and streamlined the travel and expenses reimbursement process, and was easy to add new suppliers. This latter feature was important, as with everyone using the system, when people wished to add a new supplier, they were first pointed to existing suppliers who already sold the product, thereby limiting the number of suppliers expanding into the system. While deployment is still under way, Hopkins notes that “this was the most successful deployment of e-procurement since we introduced p-cards”. The cloud solution makes it easy to implement and easy to intergrate into existing SAP systems.

Questions

Why do you think a different system was adapted instead of the SAP ERP system in this case? What do you think was the rationale?

Expert Solution
Summary Introduction

To explain: The rationale to decide on the use of a different system instead of using Company S ERP system.

Summary:

Company CC is the last remaining private bottler of Company CK. Company CC has come up with many innovations from the day onwards. Company CC is one of the 64 bottlers worldwide with 6,000 employees selling a case of coke for every four seconds.

The purchasing process:

The purchasing process encompasses all the activities as shown below:

  • Identification of user requirements.
  • Evaluation of the user needs effectively and efficiently.
  • Identification suppliers who are capable to meet the demand.
  • Development of agreement with those suppliers.
  • Development of the ordering mechanism.
  • Ensure that the payment process occurs promptly.
  • Ascertaining that the needs are effectively met and
  • Driving continuous improvement.

Explanation of Solution

Rationale to decide on the use of a different system instead of using Company S ERP system:

There was a list of criteria which contained 48 items that should be met in order to consider a different P2P system. The software provider Company CA was able to meet all the 48 items in the criteria list...

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