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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Give the formula for each of the following ionic compounds:

(a) calcium hydrogen carbonate

(b) potassium permanganate

(c) magnesium perchlorate

(d) potassium hydrogen phosphate

(e) sodium sulfite

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The formulas of the given ionic compounds are needed to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by electrostatic attraction between ions such as monoatomic ions and polyatomic ions; in which positively charged ions is known as cations and negatively charged ions are known as anions.

Naming of ions:

Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound. The polyatomic cation NH4+ is named as ammonium cation.

Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc. in case of poly anions, the oxoanions series is named by checking the number of oxygen atom is present in it. If the oxoanion is having greater number of oxygen, then suffix will be ‘ate’. If the number of oxygen atom is less, then the suffix will be ‘ite’. And if the oxoanio is having more than elements, then prefix will be added as ‘per’ with suffix ‘ate’ ions and ‘hypo’ with suffix ‘ite’ of the oxoanions. The hydrogen containing oxoanions are named by adding ‘hydrogen’ before the name of anion part.

Explanation

In the ionic compound calcium hydrogen carbonate, Ca2+ and HCO3 are the ions present.

Two HCO3

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The formulas of the given ionic compounds are needed to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by electrostatic attraction between ions such as monoatomic ions and polyatomic ions; in which positively charged ions is known as cations and negatively charged ions are known as anions.

Naming of ions:

Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound. The polyatomic cation NH4+ is named as ammonium cation.

Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc. in case of poly anions, the oxoanions series is named by checking the number of oxygen atom is present in it. If the oxoanion is having greater number of oxygen, then suffix will be ‘ate’. If the number of oxygen atom is less, then the suffix will be ‘ite’. And if the oxoanio is having more than elements, then prefix will be added as ‘per’ with suffix ‘ate’ ions and ‘hypo’ with suffix ‘ite’ of the oxoanions. The hydrogen containing oxoanions are named by adding ‘hydrogen’ before the name of anion part.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The formulas of the given ionic compounds are needed to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by electrostatic attraction between ions such as monoatomic ions and polyatomic ions; in which positively charged ions is known as cations and negatively charged ions are known as anions.

Naming of ions:

Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound. The polyatomic cation NH4+ is named as ammonium cation.

Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc. in case of poly anions, the oxoanions series is named by checking the number of oxygen atom is present in it. If the oxoanion is having greater number of oxygen, then suffix will be ‘ate’. If the number of oxygen atom is less, then the suffix will be ‘ite’. And if the oxoanio is having more than elements, then prefix will be added as ‘per’ with suffix ‘ate’ ions and ‘hypo’ with suffix ‘ite’ of the oxoanions. The hydrogen containing oxoanions are named by adding ‘hydrogen’ before the name of anion part.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The formulas of the given ionic compounds are needed to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by electrostatic attraction between ions such as monoatomic ions and polyatomic ions; in which positively charged ions is known as cations and negatively charged ions are known as anions.

Naming of ions:

Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound. The polyatomic cation NH4+ is named as ammonium cation.

Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc. in case of poly anions, the oxoanions series is named by checking the number of oxygen atom is present in it. If the oxoanion is having greater number of oxygen, then suffix will be ‘ate’. If the number of oxygen atom is less, then the suffix will be ‘ite’. And if the oxoanio is having more than elements, then prefix will be added as ‘per’ with suffix ‘ate’ ions and ‘hypo’ with suffix ‘ite’ of the oxoanions. The hydrogen containing oxoanions are named by adding ‘hydrogen’ before the name of anion part.

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The formulas of the given ionic compounds are needed to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Ionic compounds are formed by electrostatic attraction between ions such as monoatomic ions and polyatomic ions; in which positively charged ions is known as cations and negatively charged ions are known as anions.

Naming of ions:

Positive ions (cations) are named as metal name, example: aluminum for aluminum cation.

But, for the transition metals the ionic charge also included by roman numerals with the naming of compound. The polyatomic cation NH4+ is named as ammonium cation.

Negative ions (anions) are named by adding ‘ide’ to the stem of the nonmetal element from which the anion is formed, example: chloride, bromide, etc. in case of poly anions, the oxoanions series is named by checking the number of oxygen atom is present in it. If the oxoanion is having greater number of oxygen, then suffix will be ‘ate’. If the number of oxygen atom is less, then the suffix will be ‘ite’. And if the oxoanio is having more than elements, then prefix will be added as ‘per’ with suffix ‘ate’ ions and ‘hypo’ with suffix ‘ite’ of the oxoanions. The hydrogen containing oxoanions are named by adding ‘hydrogen’ before the name of anion part.

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