Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536



Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

Using Google Earth, fly to the heart of the following cities and identify the latitude and longitude. Measure the latitude and longitude using decimal degrees with two decimal places (ex: 41.89 N as opposed to 41°88′54″N). Make sure to note the latitude north (N) or south (S) of the equator and the longitude east (E) or west (W) of the prime meridian.

  1. a. London, England
  2. b. Paris, France
  3. c. New York City
  4. d. San Francisco, California
  5. e. Buenos Aires, Argentina
  6. f. Cape Town, South Africa
  7. g. Moscow, Russia
  8. h. Beijing, China
  9. i. Sydney, Australia
  10. j. Your hometown

Enter the following coordinates into Google Earth to identify the location:

  1. a. 41.89 N, 12.492 E
  2. b. 33.857 S, 151.215 E
  3. c. 29.975 N, 31.135 E
  4. d. 90.0, 0
  5. e. −90.0, −90.0
  6. f. 27.175 N, 78.042 E
  7. g. 27.99 N, 86.92 E
  8. h. 40.822 N, 14.425 E
  9. i. 48.858 N, 2.295 E

To determine

To identify the location based on the given latitude and longitudes using decimal degrees with two decimals and also to find the latitude and longitude of the given cities using Google Earth.


The Earth’s latitude and longitude coordinate system is based on the set of reference lines that are naturally defined and arbitrarily defined by international agreement. The North Pole and South Pole act as two natural references for the latitude. They mark the opposite positions of the Earth’s rotational axis. The equator is 0 followed by North Pole at 90<

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