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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Give the formula for each of the following compounds:

(a) bromine trifluoride

(b) xenon difluoride

(c) hydrazine

(d) diphosphorus tetrafluoride

(e) butane

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The formulas of the given binary, nonionic compounds are needed to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form, but oxygen and noble gases are exceptional. The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tri-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

Explanation

In the given binary, nonionic compound bromine trifluoride, bromine and fluorine are the two elements present. The number of fluorine (three) is indicated as suffix under the symbols of respective elements...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The formulas of the given binary, nonionic compounds are needed to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form, but oxygen and noble gases are exceptional. The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tri-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The formulas of the given binary, nonionic compounds are needed to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form, but oxygen and noble gases are exceptional. The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tri-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The formulas of the given binary, nonionic compounds are needed to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form, but oxygen and noble gases are exceptional. The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tri-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The formulas of the given binary, nonionic compounds are needed to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Naming of molecular binary compounds (two element compounds),

The binary compounds of hydrogen with nonmetals are named as hydrogen followed by nonmetals name in ‘ide’ form (add ‘ide’ into stem of the name).

The binary compounds formed by combination of group 4A-7A elements are named as putting the first name as early group elements and last name as late group element in ‘ide’ form, but oxygen and noble gases are exceptional. The more than one number of an element is named by adding prefix as “di-, tri-, tetra-, penta- and so on.

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