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Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243
BuyFind

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243

Solutions

Chapter 2, Problem 68E
Textbook Problem

An excited hydrogen atom emits light with a wavelength of 397.2 nm to reach the energy level for which n = 2. In which principal quantum level did the electron begin?

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Chapter 2 Solutions

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach
Ch. 2 - What does it mean for something to have wavelike...Ch. 2 - Defend and criticize Bohrs model. Why was it...Ch. 2 - The first four ionization energies for the...Ch. 2 - Compare the first ionization energy of helium to...Ch. 2 - Which has the larger second ionization energy,...Ch. 2 - Explain why a graph of ionization energy versus...Ch. 2 - Without referring to your text, predict the trend...Ch. 2 - Account for the fact that the line that separates...Ch. 2 - Explain electron from a quantum mechanical...Ch. 2 - Choose the best response for the following. The...Ch. 2 - Consider the following statement "The ionization...Ch. 2 - In going across a row of the periodic table,...Ch. 2 - How does probability fit into the description of...Ch. 2 - What is meant by an orbital?Ch. 2 - Explain the difference between the probability...Ch. 2 - Is the following statement true or false? The...Ch. 2 - Which is higher in energy, the 2s or 2p orbital,...Ch. 2 - Prove mathematically that it is more energetically...Ch. 2 - What type of relationship (direct or inverse) e...Ch. 2 - What do we mean by the frequency of...Ch. 2 - Explain the photoelectric effectCh. 2 - Describe briefly why the study of electromagnetic...Ch. 2 - How does the wavelength of a fast-pitched baseball...Ch. 2 - The following is an energy-level diagram for...Ch. 2 - The Bohr model works for only one electron...Ch. 2 - We can represent both probability and radial...Ch. 2 - Consider the representations of the p and d atomic...Ch. 2 - The periodic table consists of four blocks of...Ch. 2 - Many times the claim is made that subshells...Ch. 2 - Diagonal relationships in the periodic table exist...Ch. 2 - Elements with very large ionization energies also...Ch. 2 - The changes in electron affinity as one goes down...Ch. 2 - Why is it much harder to explain the line spectra...Ch. 2 - Scientists use emission spectra to confirm the...Ch. 2 - Does the minimization of electron-electron...Ch. 2 - In the hydtogen atom, what is the physical...Ch. 2 - The work function is the energy required to remove...Ch. 2 - Many more anhydrous lithium salts are hygroscopic...Ch. 2 - The laser in an audio CD player uses light with a...Ch. 2 - An FM radio station broadcasts at 99.5 MHz....Ch. 2 - Microwave radiation has a wavelength on the order...Ch. 2 - A photon of ultraviolet (UV) light possesses...Ch. 2 - Octyl methoxycinoamate and oxybenzone are common...Ch. 2 - Human color vision is " produced" by the nervous...Ch. 2 - Consider the following waves representing...Ch. 2 - One type of electromagnetic radiation has a...Ch. 2 - Carbon absorbs energy at a wavelength of 150. nm....Ch. 2 - X rays have wavelengths on the order of 1 1010 m....Ch. 2 - The work function of an element is the energy...Ch. 2 - It takes 208.4 kJ of energy to remove 1 mole of...Ch. 2 - It takes 7.21 1019 J of energy to remove an...Ch. 2 - Ionization energy is the energy required to remove...Ch. 2 - Calculate the de Broglie wavelength for each of...Ch. 2 - Neutron diffraction is used in determining the...Ch. 2 - A particle has a velocity that is 90.% of the...Ch. 2 - Calculate the velocities of electrons with de...Ch. 2 - Calculate the wavelength of light emiued when each...Ch. 2 - Calculate the wavelength of light emitted when...Ch. 2 - Using vertical lines, indicate the transitions...Ch. 2 - Using vertical lines, indicate the transitions...Ch. 2 - Calculate the longest and shortest wavelengths of...Ch. 2 - Assume that a hydrogen atoms electron has been...Ch. 2 - Does a photon of visible light ( 400 to 700 nm)...Ch. 2 - An electron is excited from the n = 1 ground state...Ch. 2 - Calculate the maximum wavelength of light capable...Ch. 2 - Consider an electron for a hydrogen atom in an...Ch. 2 - An excited hydrogen atom with an electron in the n...Ch. 2 - An excited hydrogen atom emits light with a...Ch. 2 - Using the Heisenberg uncertainty principle,...Ch. 2 - The Heisenberg uncertainty principle can be...Ch. 2 - What are the possible values for the quantum...Ch. 2 - Identify each of the following orbitals and...Ch. 2 - Which of the following sets of quantum numbers are...Ch. 2 - Which of the following sets of quantum numbers are...Ch. 2 - What is the physical significance of the value of...Ch. 2 - In defining the sizes of orbitals, why must we use...Ch. 2 - Total radial probability distributions for the...Ch. 2 - Tbe relative orbital levels for the hydrogen atom...Ch. 2 - How many orbitals in an atom can have the...Ch. 2 - How many electrons in an atom can have the...Ch. 2 - Give the maximum number of electrons in an atom...Ch. 2 - Give the maximum number of electrons in an atom...Ch. 2 - Draw atomic orbital diagrams representing the...Ch. 2 - For elements l36, there are two exceptions to the...Ch. 2 - The elements Si, Ga, As, Ge, Al, Cd, S, and Se are...Ch. 2 - The elements Cu, O, La, Y, Ba, Tl, and Bi are all...Ch. 2 - Write the expected electron configurations for...Ch. 2 - Write the expected electron configurations for...Ch. 2 - The four most abundant elements by mass in the...Ch. 2 - The first-row transition metals from chromium...Ch. 2 - Write the expected ground-state electron...Ch. 2 - Using only the periodic table inside the front...Ch. 2 - Given the valence electron orbital level diagram...Ch. 2 - Identify the following elements. a. An excited...Ch. 2 - In the ground state of mercury, Hg, a. how many...Ch. 2 - In the ground state of element 115, Uup, a. how...Ch. 2 - Give a possible set of values of the four quantum...Ch. 2 - Give a possible set of values of the four quantum...Ch. 2 - Valence electrons are those electrons in the...Ch. 2 - How many valence electrons do each of the...Ch. 2 - A certain oxygen atom has the electron...Ch. 2 - Which of the following electron configurations...Ch. 2 - Which of elements 1-36 have two unpaired electrons...Ch. 2 - Which of elements 1-36 have one unpaired electron...Ch. 2 - One bit of evidence that the quantum mechanical...Ch. 2 - Identify how many unpaired electrons are present...Ch. 2 - Arrange the following groups of atoms in order of...Ch. 2 - Arrange the following groups of atoms in order of...Ch. 2 - Arrange the atoms in Exercise 107 in order of...Ch. 2 - Arrange the atoms in Exercise 108 in order of...Ch. 2 - In each of the following sets, which atom or ion...Ch. 2 - In each of the following sets, which atom or ion...Ch. 2 - Element 106 has been named seaborgium, Sg, in...Ch. 2 - The first ionization energies of As and Se are...Ch. 2 - Rank the elements Be, B, C, N, and O in order of...Ch. 2 - Consider the following ionization energies for...Ch. 2 - The following graph plots the first, second, and...Ch. 2 - For each of the following pairs of elements (C and...Ch. 2 - For each of the following pairs of elements (Mg...Ch. 2 - The electron affinities of the elements from...Ch. 2 - In the second row of the periodic table, Be, N,...Ch. 2 - Order the atoms in each of the following sets from...Ch. 2 - Order the atoms in each of the following sets from...Ch. 2 - The electron affinity for sulfur is more negative...Ch. 2 - Which has the more negative electron affinity, the...Ch. 2 - Write equations corresponding to the following: a....Ch. 2 - Using data from the text, determine the following...Ch. 2 - Cesium was discovered in natural mineral waters in...Ch. 2 - 'The bright yellow light emitted by a sodium vapor...Ch. 2 - Does the information on alkali metals in Table 2-8...Ch. 2 - Predict the atomic number of the next alkali metal...Ch. 2 - Complete and balance the equations for the...Ch. 2 - Complete and balance the equations for the...Ch. 2 - "Lithium" is often prescribed as a...Ch. 2 - A carbon-oxygen double bond in a certain organic...Ch. 2 - Mars is roughly 60 million km from the earth. How...Ch. 2 - Consider the following approximate visible light...Ch. 2 - One of the visible lines in the hydrogen emission...Ch. 2 - Using Fig. 2-30, list the elements (ignore the...Ch. 2 - Are the following statements true for the hydrogen...Ch. 2 - Although no currently known elements contain...Ch. 2 - The four most abundant elements by mass in the...Ch. 2 - Which of the following orbital designations are...Ch. 2 - The successive ionization energies for an unknown...Ch. 2 - An unknown element is a nonmetal and has a valence...Ch. 2 - While Mendeleev predicted the existence of several...Ch. 2 - Photosynthesis uses 660-nm light to convert CO2...Ch. 2 - Photogray lenses incorporate small amounts of...Ch. 2 - It takes 476 kJ to remove 1 mole of electrons from...Ch. 2 - Calculate, to four significant figures, the...Ch. 2 - Assume that a hydrogen atoms electron bas been...Ch. 2 - Determine the maximum number of electrons that can...Ch. 2 - Consider the ground state of arsenic, As. How many...Ch. 2 - Which of the following statements is(are) true? a....Ch. 2 - Identify the following three elements. a. The...Ch. 2 - For each of the following pairs of elements,...Ch. 2 - Which of the following statements is(are) true? a....Ch. 2 - Three elements have the electron configurations...Ch. 2 - One of the emission spectral lines for Be3+ has a...Ch. 2 - The figure below represents part of the emission...Ch. 2 - When lhe excited electron in a hydrogen atom falls...Ch. 2 - The ground state ionization energy for the...Ch. 2 - For hydrogen atoms, the wave function for the...Ch. 2 - The wave function for the 2pz, orbital in the...Ch. 2 - Answer the following questions, assuming that ms,...Ch. 2 - Assume that we are in another universe with...Ch. 2 - Without looking at data in the text, sketch a...Ch. 2 - The following numbers are the ratios of second...Ch. 2 - We expect the atomic radius to increase going down...Ch. 2 - The ionization energy for a 1s electron in a...Ch. 2 - Answer the following questions based on the given...Ch. 2 - As the weapons officer aboard the Srarship...

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