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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Succinic acid occurs in fungi and lichens. Its empirical formula isC2H3O2, and its molar mass is 118.1 g/mol. What is its molecular formula?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The molecular formula of succinic acid is to be determined, the empirical formula and molar mass are C2H3O2 and 118.1 g/mol.

Concept introduction:

  • Empirical formula of a compound represents the smallest whole number relative ratio of elements in that compound.
  • Equation for finding Molecular formula from the empirical formula,

    Molecular formula=MolarmassEmpiricalformula mass × Empirical formula

  • Equation for number moles from mass and molar mass,

  Numberofmoles=MassingramsMolarmass

Explanation

The empirical formula of succinic acid is C2H3O2

The empirical formula mass of succinic acid is 59.04g

The molar mass of succinic acid is 118.1 g/mol

equation for finding molecular formula from the empirical formula,

  Molecular formula=MolarmassEmpiricalformula mass

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