   Chapter 2, Problem 87PS

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Acetylene is a colorless gas used as a fuel in welding torches, among other things. It is 92.26% C and 7.74% H. Its molar mass is 26.02 g/mol. What are the empirical and molecular formulas of acetylene?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The empirical formula and molecular formula of the acetylene is to be determined if the molar mass is 26.02g/mol.

Concept introduction:

• Empirical formula of a compound represents the smallest whole number relative ratio of elements in that compound.
• Equation for finding Molecular formula from the empirical formula,

MolarmassEmpiricalformula mass × Empirical formula

• Equation for number moles from mass and molar mass,

Numberofmoles=MassingramsMolarmass

• Mass percent of elements of a compound is the ratio of mass of element to the mass of whole compound and multiplied with hundred.
Explanation

Mass percent of carbon, and hydrogen in acetylene is given as 92.26% and 7.74%.

Mass percent of an element means, 100g of compound contains that mass percent of an element in grams. Therefore, mass of carbon and hydrogen are 92.26g and 7.74g  respectively in 100g  of acetylene.

Equation for number moles from mass and molar mass is,

Numberofmoles=MassingramsMolarmass

Therefore,

The number of moles of carbon is,

Numberofmoles=92.26g12.01g/mol=7.68mol

The number of moles of hydrogen is,

Numberofmoles=7

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