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Chapter 2, Problem 8AYK

Tractor-trailer rigs often have an airfoil on top of the cab, as shown in ● Fig. 2.20. What is the purpose of this airfoil?

**Figure 2.20 Air Foil** See Question 8 in Applying Your Knowledge

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An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition

ISBN: 9781305079137

Author: James Shipman, Jerry D. Wilson, Charles A. Higgins, Omar Torres

Publisher: Cengage Learning

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## Chapter 2 Solutions

An Introduction to Physical Science

Ch. 2.1 - What is needed to designate a position?Ch. 2.1 - What is motion?Ch. 2.2 - Between two points, which may be greater in...Ch. 2.2 - Prob. 2PQCh. 2.2 - Prob. 2.1CECh. 2.2 - A communications satellite is in a circular orbit...Ch. 2.3 - What is the average speed in mi/h of a person at...Ch. 2.3 - What motional changes produce an acceleration?Ch. 2.3 - Prob. 2PQCh. 2.3 - If the car in the preceding example continues to...

Ch. 2.3 - Prob. 2.5CECh. 2.4 - Prob. 1PQCh. 2.4 - Prob. 2PQCh. 2.4 - Prob. 2.6CECh. 2.5 - Neglecting air resistance, why would a ball...Ch. 2.5 - Prob. 2PQCh. 2 - Visualize the connections and give the descriptive...Ch. 2 - KEY TERMS 1. physics (intro) 2. position (2.1) 3....Ch. 2 - Prob. BMCh. 2 - Prob. CMCh. 2 - Prob. DMCh. 2 - Prob. EMCh. 2 - Prob. FMCh. 2 - Prob. GMCh. 2 - Prob. HMCh. 2 - Prob. IMCh. 2 - Prob. JMCh. 2 - Prob. KMCh. 2 - Prob. LMCh. 2 - Prob. MMCh. 2 - Prob. NMCh. 2 - Prob. OMCh. 2 - Prob. PMCh. 2 - Prob. QMCh. 2 - KEY TERMS 1. physics (intro) 2. position (2.1) 3....Ch. 2 - What is necessary to designate a position? (2.1)...Ch. 2 - Which one of the following describes an object in...Ch. 2 - Which one of the following is always true about...Ch. 2 - Which is true of an object with uniform velocity?...Ch. 2 - Acceleration may result from what? (2.3) (a) an...Ch. 2 - For a constant linear acceleration, what changes...Ch. 2 - Which one of the following is true for a...Ch. 2 - An object is projected straight upward. Neglecting...Ch. 2 - If the speed of an object in uniform circular...Ch. 2 - Neglecting air resistance, which of the following...Ch. 2 - In the absence of air resistance, a projectile...Ch. 2 - A football is thrown on a long pass. Compared to...Ch. 2 - An object is in motion when it undergoes a...Ch. 2 - Speed is a(n) ___ quantity. (2.2)Ch. 2 - Prob. 3FIBCh. 2 - ___ is the actual path length. (2.2)Ch. 2 - Prob. 5FIBCh. 2 - Prob. 6FIBCh. 2 - The distance traveled by a dropped object...Ch. 2 - Prob. 8FIBCh. 2 - The metric units associated with acceleration are...Ch. 2 - Prob. 10FIBCh. 2 - Prob. 11FIBCh. 2 - Neglecting air resistance, a horizontally thrown...Ch. 2 - What area of physics involves the study of objects...Ch. 2 - What is necessary to designate the position of an...Ch. 2 - How are length and time used to describe motion?Ch. 2 - Prob. 4SACh. 2 - Prob. 5SACh. 2 - How is average speed analogous to an average class...Ch. 2 - A jogger jogs two blocks directly north. (a) How...Ch. 2 - Prob. 8SACh. 2 - The gas pedal of a car is commonly referred to as...Ch. 2 - Does a negative acceleration always mean that an...Ch. 2 - A ball is dropped. Assuming free fall, what is its...Ch. 2 - A vertically projected object has zero velocity at...Ch. 2 - Can a car be moving at a constant speed of 60 km/h...Ch. 2 - What is centripetal about centripetal...Ch. 2 - Are we accelerating as a consequence of the Earth...Ch. 2 - What is the direction of the acceleration vector...Ch. 2 - For projectile motion, what quantities are...Ch. 2 - How do the motions of horizontal projections with...Ch. 2 - Prob. 19SACh. 2 - Can a baseball pitcher throw a fastball in a...Ch. 2 - Figure 2.14(b) shows a multiflash photograph of...Ch. 2 - Taking into account air resistance, how do you...Ch. 2 - Do highway speed limit signs refer to average...Ch. 2 - Prob. 2AYKCh. 2 - What is the direction of the acceleration vector...Ch. 2 - Prob. 4AYKCh. 2 - A student sees her physical science professor...Ch. 2 - How would (a) an updraft affect a skydiver in...Ch. 2 - A skydiver uses a parachute to slow the landing...Ch. 2 - Tractor-trailer rigs often have an airfoil on top...Ch. 2 - A gardener walks in a flower garden as illustrated...Ch. 2 - What is the gardeners displacement (Fig. 2.21)?...Ch. 2 - At a track meet, a runner runs the 100-m dash in...Ch. 2 - A jogger jogs around a circular track with a...Ch. 2 - A space probe on the surface of Mars sends a radio...Ch. 2 - A group of college students eager to get to...Ch. 2 - A student drives the 100-mi trip back to campus...Ch. 2 - A jogger jogs from one end to the other of a...Ch. 2 - An airplane flying directly eastward at a constant...Ch. 2 - A race car traveling northward on a straight,...Ch. 2 - A sprinter starting from rest on a straight, level...Ch. 2 - Modern oil tankers weigh more than a half-million...Ch. 2 - A motorboat starting from rest travels in a...Ch. 2 - A car travels on a straight, level road. (a)...Ch. 2 - A ball is dropped from the top of an 80-m-high...Ch. 2 - What speed does the ball in Exercise 15 have in...Ch. 2 - Figure 1.18 (Chapter 1) shows the Hoover Dam...Ch. 2 - A spaceship hovering over the surface of Mars...Ch. 2 - A person drives a car around a circular, level...Ch. 2 - A race car goes around a circular, level track...Ch. 2 - If you drop an object from a height of 1.5 m, it...Ch. 2 - A golfer on a level fairway hits a ball at an...

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You are asked to design a runway for a plane that takes off at 100 m/s and can accelerate a maximum of 2.00 m/s^2. What should be the minimum length of your runway?

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A man who is on top of a roof of a high building drops a piece of metallic material. A second piece of metallic material is dropped 3.0 seconds later. How far apart (km) are the materials when the second material has reached a speed of 15.0 m/s

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A not so muscular student throws a golf-ball only 60 meters high and it then falls the same distance back into his hand. What was the TOTAL time that the golf-ball was in the air
A. about 10 seconds.
B. about 5 seconds.
C. more than 20 seconds.
D. about 15 seconds.

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a motorist plans a total of 2 hours to travel the 75 km. During the trip he rested half an hour and spent a quarter of an hour at traffic light stops. In order for the travel time to be 2 hours, the average speed it will have to travel for the rest of the time is
38 km/h
50 km/h
60 km/h
75 km/h

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A student writes, “A bird that is diving for prey has a speed of − 10 m /s .” What is wrong with the student's statement? What has the student actually described? Explain.

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I was born in Colorado and 40 years later I live in New Jersey, 1800 miles away. My sister was born in Utah, and 50 years later lives in Idaho, 200 miles away. Who has the lower average speed?

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A Car traveling at 10 m/s begins to be accelerated at 12m/s^2. The distance the car covers in the first 5 seconds after the acceleration begins is
a) 60 m
b) 150 m
c) 80 m
D) 200 m

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Which is true about the acceleration due to gravity? (3.5) (a) It is a universal constant. (b) It is a fundamental property. (c) It decreases with increasing altitude. (d) It is different for different objects in free fall.

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An astronaut hits a golf ball on the Moon. Which of the following quantities, if any, remain constant as a ball travels through the vacuum there? (a) speed (b) acceleration (c) horizontal component of velocity (d) vertical component of velocity (e) velocity

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Do highway speed limit signs refer to average speeds or to instantaneous speeds? Explain.

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A submarine dives from the water surface at an angle of 30 below the horizontal, following a straight path 50 m long. How far is the submarine then below the water surface? (a) 50 m (b) (50 m)/sin 30 (c) (50 m) sin 30 (d) (50 m) cos 30 (e) none of those answers

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A landscape architect is planning an artificial waterfall in a city park. Water flowing at 1.70 m/s will leave the end of a horizontal channel at the top of a vertical wall h = 2.35 m high, and from there it will fall into a pool (Fig. P3.42). (a) Will the space behind the waterfall be wide enough for a pedestrian walkway? (b) To sell her plan to the city council, the architect wants to build a model to standard scale, which is one-twelfth actual size. How fast should the water flow in the channel in the model? Figure P3.42

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Position/Velocity/Acceleration Part 1: Definitions; Author: Professor Dave explains;https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4dCrkp8qgLU;License: Standard YouTube License, CC-BY