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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399425
BuyFind

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Chapter
Section
Chapter 20, Problem 121AP
Textbook Problem

. The alcohol glycerol (glycerine), which is produced in the human body by the digestion of fats, has the following structure.

Chapter 20, Problem 121AP, . The alcohol glycerol (glycerine), which is produced in the human body by the digestion of fats,

Give the systematic name of glycerol.

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Chapter 20 Solutions

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
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Ch. 20 - When propane undergoes dehydrogenation, what is...Ch. 20 - How many different possible “tetramethylbenzenes”...Ch. 20 - For the general formula C6H14O, draw the...Ch. 20 - Differentiate between an addition polymer and a...Ch. 20 - What makes carbon able to form so many different...Ch. 20 - Your roommate, a chemistry major, claims to have...Ch. 20 - What does a double bond represent? How many pairs...Ch. 20 - How many electron pairs are shared when a triple...Ch. 20 - When a carbon atom is bonded to four other atoms,...Ch. 20 - Draw the Lewis structures for carbon dioxide and...Ch. 20 - Which of the following molecules areunsaturated?...Ch. 20 - Which of the following molecules aresaturated?...Ch. 20 - Figure 20.3 shows the structures of the...Ch. 20 - . The chains in normal alkanes are not really...Ch. 20 - . What is the “general” formula for an alkane?...Ch. 20 - . Without drawing a structural formula, tell how...Ch. 20 - . Give the name of each of the following...Ch. 20 - . Draw the structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . What are structural isomers? Which is the...Ch. 20 - . What is a branched alkane? Draw the structure of...Ch. 20 - . Without looking back at the text, draw...Ch. 20 - . Draw structural formulas for three isomeric...Ch. 20 - . Give the root names for the alkanes with three,...Ch. 20 - . To what does the root name for a branched...Ch. 20 - . What is an alkyl group? How is a given alkyl...Ch. 20 - . When naming alkanes, find the longest continuous...Ch. 20 - . What prefixes would be used in the systematic...Ch. 20 - . When naming alkanes, the alkyl groups are listed...Ch. 20 - . Give the systematic name for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Give the systematic name for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . What are the major constituents of crude...Ch. 20 - . To be used efficiently, petroleum must be...Ch. 20 - . What is pyrolytic cracking, and why is the...Ch. 20 - . Why was tetraethyl lead. (C2H5)4Pb. added to...Ch. 20 - . Explain why alkanes are relatively unreactive.Ch. 20 - . Write an equation showing the combustion of...Ch. 20 - . Indicate the missing molecule in each of the...Ch. 20 - . When an alkane molecule undergoes a(n) _______...Ch. 20 - . Complete and balance each of the following...Ch. 20 - . Complete and balance each of the following...Ch. 20 - . What is an alkene? What structural feature...Ch. 20 - . What is an alkyne? What structural feature...Ch. 20 - . How is the root name of an alkane modified to...Ch. 20 - . How is the location of a double or triple bond...Ch. 20 - . Indicate the missing molecule in each of the...Ch. 20 - . How is hydrogenation used in the production of...Ch. 20 - . Give the systematic name for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Give the systematic name for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Draw structural formulas and give the systematic...Ch. 20 - . Draw structural formulas showing all possible...Ch. 20 - . What structure do all aromatic hydrocarbons have...Ch. 20 - . Benzene exhibits resonance Explain this...Ch. 20 - . How is a monosubstituted benzene named? Give the...Ch. 20 - . How is the benzene ring named if it is...Ch. 20 - . If a benzene ring contains several substituents,...Ch. 20 - . What do the prefixes ortho-, meta-, and para-...Ch. 20 - . Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Name the following aromatic or substituted...Ch. 20 - . Without looking back at the text, write the...Ch. 20 - . Based on the functional group each molecule...Ch. 20 - . What functional group characterizes an alcohol?...Ch. 20 - . Distinguish among primary, secondary, and...Ch. 20 - . Give the systematic name for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Is 1-pentanol a primary, secondary, or tertiary...Ch. 20 - . Why is methanol sometimes called wood alcohol?...Ch. 20 - . Write the equation for the fermentation of...Ch. 20 - . Write the equation for the synthesis of ethanol...Ch. 20 - . What is the simplest aromatic alcohol commonly...Ch. 20 - . What functional group is common to both...Ch. 20 - . What structural feature distinguishes aldehydes...Ch. 20 - . What is acetone commonly used for in industry?...Ch. 20 - . Write equations showing the oxidation of a...Ch. 20 - . Aldehydes and ketones both contain the carbonyl...Ch. 20 - . Provide an alternative name for the compound...Ch. 20 - . Give the systematic name for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Draw structural formulas for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Draw the structure of the group that...Ch. 20 - . Are carboxylic acids typically strong acids or...Ch. 20 - . What systematic ending is used to show that a...Ch. 20 - . Complete the following equations with the...Ch. 20 - . From what two families of organic compounds are...Ch. 20 - . What two main functional groups are in...Ch. 20 - . Give the systematic name for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . What, in general terms, is a polymer? What is a...Ch. 20 - . One type of polymerization reaction in which the...Ch. 20 - 85. What is condensation polymerization, and how...Ch. 20 - . The “Chemistry in Focus” segment Mother of...Ch. 20 - . What are some applications of the common polymer...Ch. 20 - . For the polymeric substances nylon and Dacron....Ch. 20 - . The first “organic” compound to be synthesized...Ch. 20 - . A carbon compound containing a carbon-carbon...Ch. 20 - . The general orientation of the four pairs of...Ch. 20 - . Alkanes in which the carbon atoms form a single...Ch. 20 - . Structural isomerism occurs when two molecules...Ch. 20 - . The systematic names of all saturated...Ch. 20 - 95. For a branched hydrocarbon, the root name for...Ch. 20 - . The positions of substiuents along the...Ch. 20 - . Kerosene may be converted to gasoline by...Ch. 20 - . Tetraethyl lead. (C2H5)3Pb, was added to...Ch. 20 - . The major use of alkanes has been in _________...Ch. 20 - . With very reactive agents, such as the halogen...Ch. 20 - . Alkenes and alkynes are characterized by their...Ch. 20 - . Unsaturated fats may be converted to saturated...Ch. 20 - . Benzene is the parent member of the group of...Ch. 20 - . An atom or group of atoms that imparts new and...Ch. 20 - . A(n) __________ alcohol is one in which there is...Ch. 20 - . The simplest alcohol, methanol, is prepared...Ch. 20 - . Ethanol is commonly prepared by the ________ of...Ch. 20 - . Both aldehydes and ketones contain the _________...Ch. 20 - . Aldehydes and ketones can be prepared by...Ch. 20 - . Which of the following is not an organic...Ch. 20 - . The typically sweet-smelling compounds called...Ch. 20 - . For each of the following straight-chain...Ch. 20 - . Show (by drawing structures) how the members of...Ch. 20 - . What does it mean to say that a hydrocarton is...Ch. 20 - . How many of the following organic functional...Ch. 20 - . Give the systematic name for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Give some examples of molecules containing...Ch. 20 - . Write a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Draw the structural formula(s) for, and give the...Ch. 20 - . How many of the following alcohols are secondary...Ch. 20 - . The alcohol glycerol (glycerine), which is...Ch. 20 - . On the basis of the functional groups listed in...Ch. 20 - . Draw a structure corresponding lo each of the...Ch. 20 - . Write a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Salicylic acid is an interesting molecule: it is...Ch. 20 - . Alpha amino acids are organic acid molecules...Ch. 20 - . Complete the following table with the name or...Ch. 20 - . Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Draw structural formulas for all isomeric...Ch. 20 - . Give the systematic name for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Write the formula for the missing reactant or...Ch. 20 - . Draw the structures for five different...Ch. 20 - . Draw structural formulas showing all the isomers...Ch. 20 - . Name each of the following aromatic or...Ch. 20 - . On the basis of the functional groups listed in...Ch. 20 - . Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . An ester is similar to a carboxylic acid like a....Ch. 20 - . How are carboxylic acids synthesized? Give an...Ch. 20 - . Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 20 - . Draw the structure of the monomer and the basic...Ch. 20 - . Name each of the following alkanes....Ch. 20 - . Name each of the following alkanes. a. b. c.Ch. 20 - . Name each of the following alkenes and alkynes....Ch. 20 - . Name each of the following organic compounds. a....Ch. 20 - . Esterification reactions are carried out in the...Ch. 20 - . Rank these organic compounds in terms of...

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