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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Salicylic acid is an interesting molecule: it is both an acid and an alcohol, having a hydroxyl group attached to the aromatic ring (phenol). For this reason, salicylic acid can undergo two different etherification reactions depending on which functional group of salicylic acid reacts. For example, as discussed in this chapter, when treated with acetic acid—a stronger acid—salicylic acid behaves as an alcohol, and the ester produced is acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin). On the other hand, when reacted with methyl alcohol, salicylic acid behaves as an acid, and the ester methyl salicylate (oil of wintergreen) is produced. Methyl salicylate is also an analgesic and is part of the formulation of many liniments for sore muscles. Write an equation for the production of each of these esters of salicylic acid.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structures of all possible esters of salicylic acid when it reacts with methanol and acetic acid separately must be drawn along with equations.

Concept Introduction:

Salicylic acid has two functional groups i.e acid and alcohol. These two groups can react separately with alcohol and acid separately two give two esters.

Explanation

The two functional groups of salicylic acid are carboxylic acid and phenolic hydroxyl group...

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