BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
3 views

. Draw a structural formula for each of the following alcohols. Indicate whether the alcohol is primary, secondary, or tertiary.

a. 2-propanol

b. 2-meihyi-2-propanol

c. 4-isopropyl-2-heptanol

d. 23-dichloro- 1-pentanol

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structural formula for 2-propanol should be drawn and whether it is primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol should be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

The formula in which the arrangements of atoms in a molecule are shown is said to be the structural formula.

  • An organic compound in which hydroxyl functional group that is -OH is bonded to the carbon atom is said to be an alcohol. The general formula for alcohol is Cn H2 n + 1 OH. Based on the attachment to the carbon the alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol.
  • When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a primary carbon atom (carbon atom to which one carbon atom is attached) then such alcohol is said to be a primary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a secondary carbon atom (carbon atom to which two carbon atoms are attached) then such alcohol is said to be a secondary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a tertiary carbon atom (carbon atom to which three carbon atoms are attached) then such alcohol is said to be a tertiary alcohol.

Explanation

For number of carbons atoms in chain, the prefix is given as:

Carbon-1     meth

Carbon-2    eth

Carbon-3    prop

Carbon-4     but

Carbon-5     pent

Carbon-6    hex

Carbon-7     hept

Carbon-8     oct

Carbon-9     non

Carbon-10     dec

The numbering of the carbon chain is done in such a way that the substituents get the lower number...

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structural formula for 2-methyl-2-propanol should be drawn and whether it is primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol should be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

The formula in which the arrangements of atoms in a molecule are shown is said to be the structural formula.

  • An organic compound in which hydroxyl functional group that is -OH is bonded to the carbon atom is said to be an alcohol. The general formula for alcohol is Cn H2 n + 1 OH. Based on the attachment to the carbon the alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a primary carbon atom (carbon atom to which one carbon atom is attached) then such alcohol is said to be a primary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a secondary carbon atom (carbon atom to which two carbon atoms are attached) then such alcohol is said to be a secondary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a tertiary carbon atom (carbon atom to which three carbon atoms are attached) then such alcohol is said to be a tertiary alcohol.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structural formula for 4-isopropyl-2-heptanol should be drawn and whether the it is primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol should be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

The formula in which the arrangements of atoms in a molecule are shown is said to be the structural formula.

  • An organic compound in which hydroxyl functional group that is -OH is bonded to the carbon atom is said to be an alcohol. The general formula for alcohol is Cn H2 n + 1 OH. Based on the attachment to the carbon the alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol.
  • When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a primary carbon atom (carbon atom to which one carbon atom is attached) then such alcohol is said to be a primary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a secondary carbon atom (carbon atom to which two carbon atoms are attached) then such alcohol is said to be a secondary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a tertiary carbon atom (carbon atom to which three carbon atoms are attached) then such alcohol is said to be a tertiary alcohol.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The structural formula for 2, 3-dichloro-1-pentanol should be drawn and whether the it is primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol should be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

The formula in which the arrangements of atoms in a molecule are shown is said to be the structural formula.

  • An organic compound in which hydroxyl functional group that is -OH is bonded to the carbon atom is said to be an alcohol. The general formula for alcohol is Cn H2 n + 1 OH. Based on the attachment to the carbon the alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohol.
  • When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a primary carbon atom (carbon atom to which one carbon atom is attached) then such alcohol is said to be a primary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a secondary carbon atom (carbon atom to which two carbon atoms are attached) then such alcohol is said to be a secondary alcohol.

When alcohol (having hydroxyl group) is attached to a tertiary carbon atom (carbon atom to which three carbon atoms are attached) then such alcohol is said to be a tertiary alcohol.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 20 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Ch-20 P-3ALQCh-20 P-4ALQCh-20 P-5ALQCh-20 P-6ALQCh-20 P-1QAPCh-20 P-2QAPCh-20 P-3QAPCh-20 P-4QAPCh-20 P-5QAPCh-20 P-6QAPCh-20 P-7QAPCh-20 P-8QAPCh-20 P-9QAPCh-20 P-10QAPCh-20 P-11QAPCh-20 P-12QAPCh-20 P-13QAPCh-20 P-14QAPCh-20 P-15QAPCh-20 P-16QAPCh-20 P-17QAPCh-20 P-18QAPCh-20 P-19QAPCh-20 P-20QAPCh-20 P-21QAPCh-20 P-22QAPCh-20 P-23QAPCh-20 P-24QAPCh-20 P-25QAPCh-20 P-26QAPCh-20 P-27QAPCh-20 P-28QAPCh-20 P-29QAPCh-20 P-30QAPCh-20 P-31QAPCh-20 P-32QAPCh-20 P-33QAPCh-20 P-34QAPCh-20 P-35QAPCh-20 P-36QAPCh-20 P-37QAPCh-20 P-38QAPCh-20 P-39QAPCh-20 P-40QAPCh-20 P-41QAPCh-20 P-42QAPCh-20 P-43QAPCh-20 P-44QAPCh-20 P-45QAPCh-20 P-46QAPCh-20 P-47QAPCh-20 P-48QAPCh-20 P-49QAPCh-20 P-50QAPCh-20 P-51QAPCh-20 P-52QAPCh-20 P-53QAPCh-20 P-54QAPCh-20 P-55QAPCh-20 P-56QAPCh-20 P-57QAPCh-20 P-58QAPCh-20 P-59QAPCh-20 P-60QAPCh-20 P-61QAPCh-20 P-62QAPCh-20 P-63QAPCh-20 P-64QAPCh-20 P-65QAPCh-20 P-66QAPCh-20 P-67QAPCh-20 P-68QAPCh-20 P-69QAPCh-20 P-70QAPCh-20 P-71QAPCh-20 P-72QAPCh-20 P-73QAPCh-20 P-74QAPCh-20 P-75QAPCh-20 P-76QAPCh-20 P-77QAPCh-20 P-78QAPCh-20 P-79QAPCh-20 P-80QAPCh-20 P-81QAPCh-20 P-82QAPCh-20 P-83QAPCh-20 P-84QAPCh-20 P-85QAPCh-20 P-86QAPCh-20 P-87QAPCh-20 P-88QAPCh-20 P-89APCh-20 P-90APCh-20 P-91APCh-20 P-92APCh-20 P-93APCh-20 P-94APCh-20 P-95APCh-20 P-96APCh-20 P-97APCh-20 P-98APCh-20 P-99APCh-20 P-100APCh-20 P-101APCh-20 P-102APCh-20 P-103APCh-20 P-104APCh-20 P-105APCh-20 P-106APCh-20 P-107APCh-20 P-108APCh-20 P-109APCh-20 P-110APCh-20 P-111APCh-20 P-112APCh-20 P-113APCh-20 P-114APCh-20 P-115APCh-20 P-116APCh-20 P-117APCh-20 P-118APCh-20 P-119APCh-20 P-120APCh-20 P-121APCh-20 P-122APCh-20 P-123APCh-20 P-124APCh-20 P-125APCh-20 P-126APCh-20 P-127APCh-20 P-128APCh-20 P-129APCh-20 P-130APCh-20 P-131APCh-20 P-132APCh-20 P-133APCh-20 P-134APCh-20 P-135APCh-20 P-136APCh-20 P-137APCh-20 P-138APCh-20 P-139APCh-20 P-140APCh-20 P-141APCh-20 P-142CPCh-20 P-143CPCh-20 P-144CPCh-20 P-145CPCh-20 P-146CPCh-20 P-147CP

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Insufficient dietary protein can have severe consequences, but excess dietary protein cannot cause harm. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Over the lime interval after a difference in potential is applied between the ends of a wire, what would happen...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

Is Earths magnetic field a constant? That is, would a compass needle always point north?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin