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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

Many lithium salts are hygroscopic (absorb water), but the corresponding salts of the other alkali metals are not. Why are lithium salts different from the others?

Interpretation Introduction

Inter­­pretation: The reason behind the fact that lithium salts are hygroscopic but other alkali metals are not is to be stated.

Concept introduction: The salt that absorbs water is known as hygroscopic salt. Addition of water into the salt is known as hydration. Such salts are known as hydrated salts.

To determine: The reason behind the fact that lithium salts are hygroscopic but other alkali metals are not.

Explanation

Explanation

The lithium salts are hygroscopic in nature due to following reasons,

  • The size of lithium ion is smallest as compared to other alkali metals.
  •  Lithium exhibits high nuclear charge.

The size of lithium ion is smallest as compared to other alkali metals...

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