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Principles of Macroeconomics (Mind...

7th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285165912
BuyFind

Principles of Macroeconomics (Mind...

7th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285165912

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 20, Problem 1QR
Textbook Problem

Name two macroeconomic variables that decline when the economy goes into a recession. Name one macroeconomic variable that rises during a recession.

Expert Solution
To determine
The macroeconomic variables that would decline during recession and one variable that would rise during recession.

Explanation of Solution

During the period of a recession, the economy will face the leftward shift in the Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply of the economy. When the AD and AS shifts leftwards, it would lead to the new equilibrium where the equilibrium output will be lower whereas the price level will be higher. Thus, during the period of recession in the economy, the real GDP of the economy and the investment spending or the consumption spending of the economy would fall which will lead to an increase in the unemployment of the economy.

Thus, the real GDP of the economy, the consumption spending and the investment spending would decline during the period of recession in the economy. The macroeconomic variable that increases during the period of recession is the unemployment rate.

Economics Concept Introduction

Concept introduction:

Economic fluctuations: They are the fluctuations in the level of national income of an economy which represents the growth or contraction in the economy in a financial year.

Recession: It is one important phase in the business cycle. This phase is the movement of the economy from the peak point of prosperity towards the depression which is the lower point of the economic business cycle.

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