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Chapter 20, Problem 20.70QP

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CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933

Solutions

Chapter
Section
FindFindarrow_forward

CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: It should be explained the way in which scientist able tells the age of a fossil.

Concept Introduction:

  • Unstable nuclei emit radiation spontaneously to become stable nuclei by losing energy. This process of emission of radiation by unstable nuclei is known as radioactive decay.
  • These emitted radiations may be alpha radiations( α ), beta radiations( β ) or gamma radiations( γ )
  • These unstable nuclei are the nuclei with more than 83 protons and which do not lie within the belt of stability.
  • Radioactive decay are in the first order kinetics. Rate of radioactive decay at a time t is,

    Rate of decay at a time 't' = k Nk-Firstorderrateconstant and its unit is t1N-numberofradioactivenucleipresentattime't

    Suppose the number of radioactive nuclei at time zero is N0 and at a time t is Nt ,

    lnNtN0=-kt

  • Half-life of radioactive decay is the time required for a radioactive sample to decay to one half of the atomic nucleus.

    Half-life of the radiation,  t1/2=0.693k

    Half-life and rate constant for radioactive isotopes vary greatly from nucleus to nucleus.

  • Radioactive dating is a technique to determine the age of a material by comparing the abundance ratio of radioactive isotopes to a reference isotope
  • A fossil is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once- living things from a past geological age.

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