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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. What are the major constituents of crude petroleum? What is the major constituent of natural gas? How were these mixtures formed?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The major constituents of crude petroleum and natural gas should be determined. The process of formation of these mixtures should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

Crude petroleum is a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons, with the major hydrocarbons being alkanes (paraffins), cycloalkanes (naphthenes) and aromatics. Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons such as methane, cycloalkanes are saturated cyclic hydrocarbons such as cyclohexane and aromatics are compounds containing a benzene ring. The major constituent of natural gas is methane. Crude petroleum and natural gas were formed when these hydrocarbons were exposed to a constant surface pressure and temperature for a long period of time, eventually forming liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons respectively.

Explanation

The major constituents of crude petroleum are three differently hydrocarbons, namely, alkanes (paraffins), cycloalkanes (naphthene) and aromatic hydrocarbons. The major constituent of natural gas is methane...

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