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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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The following are named incorrectly, but a correct structure can be made from the name given. Draw the following incorrectly named compounds and name them correctly.

a. 2-ethyl-3-methyl-5-isopropyl hexane

b. 3-methyl-4-isopropylpeniane

c. 2-ethyl-3-buiyne

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The structure of the incorrectly named compound should be determined along with the correct name of the compound.

2-ethyl-3-methyl-5-isopropyl hexane

Concept Introduction:

Compounds consist of carbon and hydrogen is known as hydrocarbons.

Rules of naming saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons are:

  1. First choose the longest continuous chain of carbon atoms known as parent chain.
  2. The numbering of parent chain should be done in a way that the substituents, double bond and triple bond get the lowest number.
  3. In case of alkene, “ene” is used at the end of the name and in case of alkyne, “yne” is used at the end of the name.
  4. The appropriate name should be given to every alkyl group and denote its position on the parent chain with the number.
  5. The alkyl groups are written in alphabetical order.
Explanation

The given name of the compound is 2-ethyl-3-methyl-5-isopropyl hexane.

  1. First identify the base name, and then draw the straight chain of carbon atoms according to the base name.
  2. After that according to the given position of the substituents, locate them on carbon atoms (replacement of hydrogen atom occurs).

Hence, the structure of the compound is

According to the rules of naming hydrocarbons,

1...

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The structure of the incorrectly named compound should be determined along with the correct name of the compound.

3-methyl-4-isopropyl pentane

Concept Introduction:

Compounds consist of carbon and hydrogen is known as hydrocarbons.

Rules of naming saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons are:

  1. First choose the longest continuous chain of carbon atoms known as parent chain.
  2. The numbering of parent chain should be done in a way that the substituents, double bond and triple bond get the lowest number.
  3. In case of alkene, “ene” is used at the end of the name and in case of alkyne, “yne” is used at the end of the name.
  4. The appropriate name should be given to every alkyl group and denote its position on the parent chain with the number.
  5. The alkyl groups are written in alphabetical order.
Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

The structure of the incorrectly named compound should be determined along with the correct name of the compound.

2-ethyl-3-butyne

Concept Introduction:

Compounds consist of carbon and hydrogen is known as hydrocarbons.

Rules of naming saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons are:

  1. First choose the longest continuous chain of carbon atoms known as parent chain.
  2. The numbering of parent chain should be done in a way that the substituents, double bond and triple bond get the lowest number.
  3. In case of alkene, “ene” is used at the end of the name and in case of alkyne, “yne” is used at the end of the name.
  4. The appropriate name should be given to every alkyl group and denote its position on the parent chain with the number.
  5. The alkyl groups are written in alphabetical order.

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Ch-20 P-3ALQCh-20 P-4ALQCh-20 P-5ALQCh-20 P-6ALQCh-20 P-1QAPCh-20 P-2QAPCh-20 P-3QAPCh-20 P-4QAPCh-20 P-5QAPCh-20 P-6QAPCh-20 P-7QAPCh-20 P-8QAPCh-20 P-9QAPCh-20 P-10QAPCh-20 P-11QAPCh-20 P-12QAPCh-20 P-13QAPCh-20 P-14QAPCh-20 P-15QAPCh-20 P-16QAPCh-20 P-17QAPCh-20 P-18QAPCh-20 P-19QAPCh-20 P-20QAPCh-20 P-21QAPCh-20 P-22QAPCh-20 P-23QAPCh-20 P-24QAPCh-20 P-25QAPCh-20 P-26QAPCh-20 P-27QAPCh-20 P-28QAPCh-20 P-29QAPCh-20 P-30QAPCh-20 P-31QAPCh-20 P-32QAPCh-20 P-33QAPCh-20 P-34QAPCh-20 P-35QAPCh-20 P-36QAPCh-20 P-37QAPCh-20 P-38QAPCh-20 P-39QAPCh-20 P-40QAPCh-20 P-41QAPCh-20 P-42QAPCh-20 P-43QAPCh-20 P-44QAPCh-20 P-45QAPCh-20 P-46QAPCh-20 P-47QAPCh-20 P-48QAPCh-20 P-49QAPCh-20 P-50QAPCh-20 P-51QAPCh-20 P-52QAPCh-20 P-53QAPCh-20 P-54QAPCh-20 P-55QAPCh-20 P-56QAPCh-20 P-57QAPCh-20 P-58QAPCh-20 P-59QAPCh-20 P-60QAPCh-20 P-61QAPCh-20 P-62QAPCh-20 P-63QAPCh-20 P-64QAPCh-20 P-65QAPCh-20 P-66QAPCh-20 P-67QAPCh-20 P-68QAPCh-20 P-69QAPCh-20 P-70QAPCh-20 P-71QAPCh-20 P-72QAPCh-20 P-73QAPCh-20 P-74QAPCh-20 P-75QAPCh-20 P-76QAPCh-20 P-77QAPCh-20 P-78QAPCh-20 P-79QAPCh-20 P-80QAPCh-20 P-81QAPCh-20 P-82QAPCh-20 P-83QAPCh-20 P-84QAPCh-20 P-85QAPCh-20 P-86QAPCh-20 P-87QAPCh-20 P-88QAPCh-20 P-89APCh-20 P-90APCh-20 P-91APCh-20 P-92APCh-20 P-93APCh-20 P-94APCh-20 P-95APCh-20 P-96APCh-20 P-97APCh-20 P-98APCh-20 P-99APCh-20 P-100APCh-20 P-101APCh-20 P-102APCh-20 P-103APCh-20 P-104APCh-20 P-105APCh-20 P-106APCh-20 P-107APCh-20 P-108APCh-20 P-109APCh-20 P-110APCh-20 P-111APCh-20 P-112APCh-20 P-113APCh-20 P-114APCh-20 P-115APCh-20 P-116APCh-20 P-117APCh-20 P-118APCh-20 P-119APCh-20 P-120APCh-20 P-121APCh-20 P-122APCh-20 P-123APCh-20 P-124APCh-20 P-125APCh-20 P-126APCh-20 P-127APCh-20 P-128APCh-20 P-129APCh-20 P-130APCh-20 P-131APCh-20 P-132APCh-20 P-133APCh-20 P-134APCh-20 P-135APCh-20 P-136APCh-20 P-137APCh-20 P-138APCh-20 P-139APCh-20 P-140APCh-20 P-141APCh-20 P-142CPCh-20 P-143CPCh-20 P-144CPCh-20 P-145CPCh-20 P-146CPCh-20 P-147CP

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