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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. What is pyrolytic cracking, and why is the process applied to the kerosene fraction of petroleum’?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The term pyrolytic cracking should be defined. Why the process is applied to kerosene fraction of petroleum should be explained.

Concept Introduction:

In the organic chemistry, the process in which complex organic molecules like kerogens or other long chain hydrocarbons are split into small molecules is known as cracking. In this process, C-C bonds are broken down to form simpler molecules. The process is temperature dependent, if the temperature increases and catalyst is present, the rate of cracking increases. The large alkanes can be broken down into smaller ones by this process.

Explanation

Pyrolytic cracking is when long chains of hydrocarbons are thermally broken down to smaller chains of hydrocarbon in the absence of oxygen. Kerosene undergoes pyrolytic cracking as it could be further broken down into smaller chains of hydrocarbon such as petrol and naphtha...

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