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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Indicate the missing molecule in each of the following substitution reactions.

a. CH 4 + Cl 2 h v HCL + ?    b. CH 2 Cl 2 + Cl 2 h v CHCI 3 + ?    c. ? + Cl 2 h v CCl 4 + HCI    d. CH 3 CI + ? h v CH 2 Cl 2 + HCI

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

This is a step of free radical halogenation reaction of methane (an alkane). Methane reacts with Cl2 under radiation energy.

Concept Introduction:

Alkanes undergo free radical mediated reactions with Cl2 under sufficient energy provided as radiation. These reactions are called halogenation reactions of alkanes.

Explanation

In this reaction energy breaks the bond in Cl2 molecule to produce two Cl. radicals.

Cl2 → 2Cl.

These radicals are very reactive and they react with methane molecules. Cl. radical then reacts with CH4 molecule breaking one C-H bond homolytically (homolytic cleavage) to produce HCl molecule and a methyl radical →CH3 ...

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

This is a step of free radical halogenation reaction of methane (an alkane). Methane reacts with Cl2 under radiation energy.

Concept Introduction:

Alkanes undergo free radical mediated reactions with Cl2 under sufficient energy provided as radiation. These reactions are called halogenation reactions of alkanes.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

This is a step of free radical halogenation reaction of methane (an alkane). Methane reacts with Cl2 under radiation energy.

Concept Introduction:

Alkanes undergo free radical mediated reactions with Cl2 under sufficient energy provided as radiation. These reactions are called halogenation reactions of alkanes.

Interpretation Introduction

(d)

Interpretation:

This is a step of free radical halogenation reaction of methane (an alkane). Methane reacts with Cl2 under radiation energy.

Concept Introduction:

Alkanes undergo free radical mediated reactions with Cl2 under sufficient energy provided as radiation. These reactions are called halogenation reactions of alkanes.

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