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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Complete and balance each of the following combustion reactions of alkanes.

a. C 2 H 6 ( g ) + O 2 ( g )    b. C 4 H 1 0 ( g ) + O 2 ( g )    C. C 3 H 8 ( g ) + O 2 ( g )

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

Complete and balance the given combustion reaction of alkane.

C2H6(g)+O2(g).

Concept Introduction:

Compounds consist of carbon and hydrogen is known as hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are classified as saturated hydrocarbon and unsaturated hydrocarbon. Saturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon single bond is present as carbon is linked with four atoms. Unsaturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon multiple bonds are present that is double and triple bond.

Saturated hydrocarbon is known as alkane having general molecular formula CnH2n+2.

The reaction in which burning of alkanes takes place in oxygen to release water and carbon dioxide is known combustion reaction of alkane.

Explanation

The given reaction is combustion of ethane. Combustion of ethane produces carbon dioxide and water. The reaction is shown below:

C2H6(g)+O2(g)CO2(g)+H2O(l)

Now, balance the above reaction, number of carbon atom is 2 on reactant side and on product side number of carbon atom is 1. Similarly, number of hydrogen atom is 6 on reactant side and on product side number of hydrogen atom is 2. Number of oxygen atom is 2 on reactant side and on product side number of oxygen atom is 3

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

Complete and balance the given combustion reaction of alkane.

C4H10(g)+O2(g).

Concept Introduction:

Compounds consist of carbon and hydrogen is known as hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are classified as saturated hydrocarbon and unsaturated hydrocarbon. Saturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon single bond is present as carbon is linked with four atoms. Unsaturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon multiple bonds are present that is double and triple bond.

Saturated hydrocarbon is known as alkane having general molecular formula CnH2n+2.

The reaction in which burning of alkanes takes place in oxygen to release water and carbon dioxide is known combustion reaction of alkane.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

Complete and balance the given combustion reaction of alkane.

C3H8(g)+O2(g).

Concept Introduction:

Compounds consist of carbon and hydrogen is known as hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are classified as saturated hydrocarbon and unsaturated hydrocarbon. Saturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon single bond is present as carbon is linked with four atoms. Unsaturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon multiple bonds are present that is double and triple bond.

Saturated hydrocarbon is known as alkane having general molecular formula CnH2n+2.

The reaction in which burning of alkanes takes place in oxygen to release water and carbon dioxide is known combustion reaction of alkane.

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