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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
1 views

. Complete and balance each of the following chemical

equations.

a. C 8 H 18 ( l ) + O 2 ( g )    b. CH 3 Cl ( l ) + Cl 2 ( g )    c. CHCl 3 ( l ) + Cl 2 ( g )

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

Complete and balance the given chemical reaction.

C3H18(l)+O2(g).

Concept Introduction:

Compounds consist of carbon and hydrogen is known as hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are classified as saturated hydrocarbon and unsaturated hydrocarbon. Saturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon single bond is present as carbon is linked with four atoms. Unsaturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon multiple bonds are present that is double and triple bond.

The reaction in which burning of hydrocarbons takes place in oxygen to release water and carbon dioxide is known combustion reaction of hydrocarbon.

Explanation

The complete reaction is shown below:

C3H18(l)+O2(g)CO2(g)+H2O(l)

Now, balance the above reaction, number of carbon atom is 3 on reactant side and on product side number of carbon atom is 1. Similarly, number of hydrogen atom is 18 on reactant side and on product side number of hydrogen atom is 2. Number of oxygen atom is 2 on reactant side and on product side number of oxygen atom is 3

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

Complete and balance the given chemical reaction.

CH3Cl(g)+Cl2(g).

Concept Introduction:

Compounds consist of carbon and hydrogen is known as hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are classified as saturated hydrocarbon and unsaturated hydrocarbon. Saturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon single bond is present as carbon is linked with four atoms. Unsaturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon multiple bonds are present that is double and triple bond.

Substitution reactions are those reactions in which or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by other atoms such as halogen.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

Complete and balance the given chemical reaction.

CHCl3(g)+Cl2(g).

Concept Introduction:

Compounds consist of carbon and hydrogen is known as hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are classified as saturated hydrocarbon and unsaturated hydrocarbon. Saturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon single bond is present as carbon is linked with four atoms. Unsaturated hydrocarbons are those hydrocarbons in which carbon-carbon multiple bonds are present that is double and triple bond.

Substitution reactions are those reactions in which or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by other atoms such as halogen.

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