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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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Differentiate between an addition polymer and a condensation polymer and provide an example of each. Do the same for copolymer and homopolymer.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The addition polymer and a condensation polymer should be differentiated along with examples and the differences between homopolymer and copolymer should be stated with examples.

Concept Introduction:

Polymers are the large, generally chain like molecules which are formed from small molecules, known as monomers. Polymers can be classified as synthetic and natural polymers which are formed by the process polymerization of monomers.

Explanation

The large molecules which are formed by the small molecules is said to be polymers. It contains many repeating units. Polymers are classified as addition polymer and condensation polymer.

Addition polymers are formed by the addition reactions, only polymer is produced whereas condensation polymers are formed by the condensation reactions, small molecule is produced with polymer.

The addition polymer is formed, when small molecules that is monomers are combined together without any loss of atom whereas condensation polymer is formed, when loss of small molecule takes place with the formation of polymer.

The chain reaction is observed in the addition polymer whereas no chain reaction is observed in the condensation polymer.

The addition polymers are made from unsaturated hydrocarbons that is alkenes whereas condensation polymers are made from monomers which contains two reactive functional groups.

For example: Polyethene, polyvinyl chloride are the examples of addition polymer and Nylon-6, 6 and Nylon-6 are the examples of condensation polymer.

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