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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Describe the mechanism by which fatty acid salts are able to exert a cleaning action.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Interpret the cleansing action mechanism through fatty acid salts.

Concept Introduction:

Salt of fatty acid is known as soap. Soap formation takes place with the reaction of potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide with triglyceride.

Greese is a hydrophobic molecule thus having no effect of water on it, and can be removed with the help of soap or detergent.

Soap formation takes place with the involvement of potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide with triglyceride while triglycerides consist of glycerol and 3 fatty acids.

Explanation

Sodium or potassium salt of fatty acid molecule having long carbon chain which is hydrophobic along with polar head which is hydrophilic in nature. A greese particle gets attached on surface of cloth and is hydrophobic in nature...

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