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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

Which of the following ligands are capable of linkage isomerism? Explain your answer.

SCN ,  N 3 ,  NO 2 ,  NH 2 CH 2 CH 2 NH 2 ,  OCN ,  I

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The ligands that are capable of linkage isomerism are to be identified from the given ligands.

Concept introduction: The structures that have the same composition of complex ions, but differ in the attachment of metal to the ligands are known as linkage isomers.

The ligand that contains two different atoms with lone pairs that would be too small to make a ring is capable of linkage isomerism.

To identify: The ligands that are capable of linkage isomerism from SCN,N3,NO2,NH2CH2CH2NH2,OCN and I .

Explanation

Explanation

The ligand that contains two different atoms with lone pairs that would be too small to make a ring is capable of linkage isomerism.

The structure of SCN is,

Figure 1

It contains two different atoms with lone pairs, but it would be too small to make a ring. Hence, SCN is capable of linkage isomerism.

The ligand that contains two different atoms with lone pairs that would be too small to make a ring is capable of linkage isomerism.

The structure of N3 is,

Figure 2

It does not contain two different atoms with lone pairs. Hence, N3 is not capable of linkage isomerism.

The ligand that contains two different atoms with lone pairs that would be too small to make a ring is capable of linkage isomerism.

The structure of NO2 is,

Figure 3

It contains two different atoms with lone pairs, but it would be too small to make a ring. Hence, NO2 is capable of linkage isomerism.

The ligand that contains two different atoms with lone pairs that would be too small to make a ring is capable of linkage isomerism.

The structure of NH2CH2CH2NH2 is,

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