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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

What causes high-altitude sickness, and what is high-altitude acclimatization?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The cause of high-altitude sickness is to be stated. The explanation of the term high-altitude acclimatization is to be stated.

Concept introduction: The amount of oxygen gas in the atmosphere decreases with the increase in altitude. The process that shows the ability of human body to adjust the change in its environment is known as acclimatization.

To explain: The cause of high-altitude sickness; the term high-altitude acclimatization.

Explanation

Explanation

The amount of oxygen gas in the atmosphere decreases with the increase in altitude. Human body needs an adequate amount of oxygen to perform proper function. The inhaled oxygen reacts with hemoglobin to form oxyhemoglobin. This oxyhemoglobin is essential for human body.

At high altitude, the amount of oxygen reduces significantly. Due to this, sufficient amount of oxyhemoglobin is not formed. As a result, human body suffers high-altitude sickness.

The reaction between oxygen (O2) and hemoglobin (Hb) is,

Hb(aq)+4O

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