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Principles of Macroeconomics (Mind...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305971509
BuyFind

Principles of Macroeconomics (Mind...

8th Edition
N. Gregory Mankiw
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305971509

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 21, Problem 1CQQ
Textbook Problem
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If the central bank wants to expand aggregate demand, it can _____ the money supply, which would _____ the interest rate.

  1. a. increase, increase
  2. b. increase, decrease
  3. c. decrease, increase
  4. d. decrease, decrease

Expert Solution
To determine
Relation between money supply and aggregate demand.

Answer to Problem 1CQQ

Option ‘b’ is correct.

Explanation of Solution

Option (b):

By the theory of liquidity preference, an increase in the money supply shifts the money supply curve to the right causing the equilibrium interest rate to decrease. This stimulates consumption and investment, thereby expanding aggregate demand. Thus, option ‘b’ is correct.

Option (a):

Increase in money supply shifts the money supply curve to the right, which lowers the interest rate. Thus, option ‘a’ is incorrect.

Option (c):

By the theory of liquidity preference, a decrease in money supply shifts the money supply curve to the left causing the equilibrium interest rate to increase. This reduces consumption and investment, thereby contracting aggregate demand. Thus, option ‘c’ is incorrect.

Option (d):

Decrease in money supply shifts the money supply curve to the left, which increases the interest rate. Thus, option ‘d’ is incorrect.

Economics Concept Introduction

Concept introduction:

Aggregate demand (AD): Aggregate demand refers to the total value of the goods and services that are demanded at a particular price in a given period.

Money supply: Money supply refers to the total amount of monetary assets circulating in an economy during a particular period.

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