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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following statements about unsaturated hydrocarbon functional groups is correct?

  1. a. All unsaturated hydrocarbons contain the same functional group.
  2. b. Some, but not all, unsaturated hydrocarbons contain a functional group.
  3. c. All unsaturated hydrocarbon functional groups involve carbon–carbon multiple bonds.
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given options, the one which is correct about unsaturated hydrocarbon functional groups has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain atleast one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Hydrocarbons are the compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen atoms in it.  Unsaturated hydrocarbons have atleast one double bond or triple bond between the carbon atoms in the molecule.  The common feature that is present in all the unsaturated hydrocarbons is that they contain one or more carbon‑carbon multiple bonds.  Functional groups of unsaturated hydrocarbons is the carbon‑carbon multiple bond.

The correct option is option (c).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that all the unsaturated hydrocarbons contain same functional group...

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