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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following terms to match the

description given.

    a. aldohexose
    n. glycoside linkage
    h. antibody
    o. hormone
    c. cellulose
    p. hydrophobic
    d. CH2O
    q. inhibition
    e. cysteine
    r. ketohexoses
    f. denaturation
    s. oxytocin
    g. disaccharides
    t. pleated sheet
    h. disulfide
    u. polypeptide
    i. DNA
    v. polysaccharides
    j. enzymes
    w. primary structure
    k. fibrous
    x. saliva
    l. globular
    y. substrate
    m. glycogen
    z. sucrose

. polymer consisting of many amino acids

. linkage that forms between two cysteine Species

. peptide hormone that triggers milk secretion

. proteins with roughly spherical shape

. sequence of amino acids in a protein

. silk protein secondary structure

. water-repelling amino acid side chain

. amino acid responsible for permanent wave in hair

. biological catalysts

. breakdown of a protein’s tertiary and/or secondary structure

. molecule acted on by an enzyme

. occurs when an enzyme’s active site is blocked by a foreign molecule

. special protein synthesized in response to foreign substance

. substance that has a specific effect on a particular target organ

. animal polymer of glucose

. —C—O—C— bond between rings in disaccharide sugars

. empirical formula leading to the name carbohydrate

. where enzymes catalyzing the breakdown of glycoside links are found

. six-carbon ketone sugars

. structural component of plants, polymer of glucose

. sugars consisting of two monomer units

. six-carbon aldehyde sugars

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Interpret and select the appropriate term from the list provided for the following statement:

‘Type of linkage present between 2 cysteine species.’.

Concept Introduction:

Protein is a long chain of polypeptide in which number of amino acids are linked to each other to produce a structure known as protein.

Each amino acid consists of carboxyl end and amino group which are joined through peptide linkage to produce dipeptide, tripeptide and polypeptide according to number of amino acids linked to each other.

Explanation

Disulfide bond is formed by two sulfur that bonded to each other. Two amino acid such as cysteine make a dipeptide by formation of disulfide linkage.

Cysteine having polar side chain such as S carrying partial negative charge and H carrying partial positive charge. The structure of cysteine is follows:

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