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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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For Exercises 55-76 choose one of the following terms to match the

description given.

    a. aldohexose
    n. glycoside linkage
    h. antibody
    o. hormone
    c. cellulose
    p. hydrophobic
    d. CH2O
    q. inhibition
    e. cysteine
    r. ketohexoses
    f. denaturation
    s. oxytocin
    g. disaccharides
    t. pleated sheet
    h. disulfide
    u. polypeptide
    i. DNA
    v. polysaccharides
    j. enzymes
    w. primary structure
    k. fibrous
    x. saliva
    l. globular
    y. substrate
    m. glycogen
    z. sucrose

. polymer consisting of many amino acids

. linkage that forms between two cysteine Species

. peptide hormone that triggers milk secretion

. proteins with roughly spherical shape

. sequence of amino acids in a protein

. silk protein secondary structure

. water-repelling amino acid side chain

. amino acid responsible for permanent wave in hair

. biological catalysts

. breakdown of a protein’s tertiary and/or secondary structure

. molecule acted on by an enzyme

. occurs when an enzyme’s active site is blocked by a foreign molecule

. special protein synthesized in response to foreign substance

. substance that has a specific effect on a particular target organ

. animal polymer of glucose

. —C—O—C— bond between rings in disaccharide sugars

. empirical formula leading to the name carbohydrate

. where enzymes catalyzing the breakdown of glycoside links are found

. six-carbon ketone sugars

. structural component of plants, polymer of glucose

. sugars consisting of two monomer units

. six-carbon aldehyde sugars

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Interpret and select the appropriate term from the list provided for the following statement:

‘Biological catalyst’.

Concept Introduction:

Proteins are made up of subunits of amino acid that form long chain of polypeptide. Enzymes works on biochemical reactions and catalyze it by increasing the speed of chemical reactions. The shape of the active site of enzyme fixed with the shape of substrate.

Explanation

Enzymes are proteinecious structure and present as part of proteins which helps in catalyzing the metabolic reactions in tissues or in cell. Enzymes speed up the chemical reactions and thus catalyze it. It breaks down the molecule of substrate or larger molecules to produce enzyme substrate complex.

The shape of the active site of enzyme fixed with the shape of substrate...

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