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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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For Exercises 55—76 choose one of the following terms to match the

description given.

    a. aldohexose
    n. glycoside linkage
    h. antibody
    o. hormone
    c. cellulose
    p. hydrophobic
    d. CH2O
    q. inhibition
    e. cysteine
    r. ketohexoses
    f. denaturation
    s. oxytocin
    g. disaccharides
    t. pleated sheet
    h. disulfide
    u. polypeptide
    i. DNA
    v. polysaccharides
    j. enzymes
    w. primary structure
    k. fibrous
    x. saliva
    l. globular
    y. substrate
    m. glycogen
    z. sucrose

. polymer consisting of many amino acids

. linkage that forms between two cysteine Species

. peptide hormone that triggers milk secretion

. proteins with roughly spherical shape

. sequence of amino acids in a protein

. silk protein secondary structure

. water-repelling amino acid side chain

. amino acid responsible for permanent wave in hair

. biological catalysts

. breakdown of a protein’s tertiary and/or secondary structure

. molecule acted on by an enzyme

. occurs when an enzyme’s active site is blocked by a foreign molecule

. special protein synthesized in response to foreign substance

. substance that has a specific effect on a particular target organ

. animal polymer of glucose

. —C—O—C— bond between rings in disaccharide sugars

. empirical formula leading to the name carbohydrate

. where enzymes catalyzing the breakdown of glycoside links are found

. six-carbon ketone sugars

. structural component of plants, polymer of glucose

. sugars consisting of two monomer units

. six-carbon aldehyde sugars

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Interpret and select the appropriate term from the list provided for the following statement:

‘occurs when an enzyme’s active site blocked by a foreign molecule’.

Concept Introduction:

Enzymes are the proteinecious structure act as biological catalyst. It helps in catalyzing the chemical reaction. Enzyme remains viable during specific conditions and in absence of that condition the enzyme gets inactive. Inhibition of enzymes also takes place through inhibitor which decreases the action of enzyme on substrate by binding to it either in reversible or irreversible manner.

Explanation

Inhibition of enzyme accounts for the attacking of a molecule which creates hinderance in the action of enzyme acting on particular substrate. The inhibition may be reversible or irreversible...

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