   Chapter 21, Problem 95CP

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

# Qualitatively draw the crystal field splitting for a trigonal bipyramidal complex ion. (Let the z axis be perpendicular to the trigonal plane.)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Considering z axis to be perpendicular to the plane of the complex, crystal field splitting of d orbitals in a trigonal bipyramidal complex is to be drawn.

Concept introduction: The electrons in the d orbital of a transition metal split into high and low energy orbitals when ligands are attached to it. The energy difference between these two levels depends upon the properties of both metal and the ligands. If the ligand is strong, then splitting will be high and the complex will be low spin. If the ligand is weak, then splitting will be less and the complex will be high spin.

To determine: The crystal field splitting of d orbitals in a trigonal bipyramidal complex.

Explanation

Explanation

The crystal field splitting of d orbitals in a trigonal bipyramidal complex is,

Figure 1

In the trigonal bipyramidal geometry, the triangle remains in the xy plane while the two pyramids remains in the z axis. One pyramid is above the xy plane and the other one remains below the xy plane.

The two ligands remain along the z axis directly while three ligands remain in the xy plane but not directly along the x and y axis...

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