   Chapter 21, Problem 96CP

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

# Sketch a d-orbital energy diagram for the following.a. a linear complex ion with ligands on the x axisb. a linear complex ion with ligands on the y axis

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The d orbital diagram for a linear complex with ligands on the x axis and ligands on the y axis is to be drawn.

Concept introduction: The electrons in the d orbital of a transition metal split into high and low energy orbitals when ligands are attached to it. The energy difference between these two levels depends upon the properties of both metal and the ligands. If the ligand is strong, then splitting will be high and the complex will be low spin. If the ligand is weak, then splitting will be less and the complex will be high spin.

To determine: The d orbital diagram for a linear complex with ligands on the x axis.

Explanation

Explanation

The d orbital diagram for a linear complex with ligands on the x axis is shown in Figure 1.

The d orbital diagram for a linear complex with ligands on the x axis is,

Figure 1

It is given that the ligands are oriented on the x axis, therefore the dx2-y2 orbital will experience maximum repulsion and therefore its energy is maximum

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The d orbital diagram for a linear complex with ligands on the x axis and ligands on the y axis is to be drawn.

Concept introduction: The electrons in the d orbital of a transition metal split into high and low energy orbitals when ligands are attached to it. The energy difference between these two levels depends upon the properties of both metal and the ligands. If the ligand is strong, then splitting will be high and the complex will be low spin. If the ligand is weak, then splitting will be less and the complex will be high spin.

To determine: The d orbital diagram for a linear complex with ligands on the y axis.

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