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KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves (21.1) 3. outer core 4. inner core 5. mantle 6. crust 7. lithosphere 8. asthenosphere 9. continental drift (21.2) 10. Pangaea 11. seafloor spreading 12. remanent magnetism 13. plate tectonics (21.3) 14. divergent boundary 15. convergent boundary 16. transform boundary 17. isostasy 18. subduction 19. volcano (21.4) 20. earthquake (21.5) 21. faults 22. focus 23. epicenter 24. tsunamis 25. fold (21.6) 26. volcanic mountain 27. fault-block mountain 28. fold mountain For each of the following items, fill in the number of the appropriate Key Term from the preceding list. i. _____ Vibrations produced in and on the Earth during an earthquake

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An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137
Chapter 21, Problem IM
Textbook Problem
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KEY TERMS

  1. 1. geology (Intro)
  2. 2. seismic waves (21.1)
  3. 3. outer core
  4. 4. inner core
  5. 5. mantle
  6. 6. crust
  7. 7. lithosphere
  8. 8. asthenosphere
  9. 9. continental drift (21.2)
  10. 10. Pangaea
  1. 11. seafloor spreading
  2. 12. remanent magnetism
  3. 13. plate tectonics (21.3)
  4. 14. divergent boundary
  5. 15. convergent boundary
  6. 16. transform boundary
  7. 17. isostasy
  8. 18. subduction
  9. 19. volcano (21.4)
  10. 20. earthquake (21.5)
  1. 21. faults
  2. 22. focus
  3. 23. epicenter
  4. 24. tsunamis
  5. 25. fold (21.6)
  6. 26. volcanic mountain
  7. 27. fault-block mountain
  8. 28. fold mountain

For each of the following items, fill in the number of the appropriate Key Term from the preceding list.

i. _____ Vibrations produced in and on the Earth during an earthquake

To determine

Pick the keyword from the given list: What are the vibrations produced in and on the Earth during an earthquake?

Explanation of Solution

The seismic waves are the vibrations produced in and on the Earth during an earthquake.

There are two types of seismic waves- surface waves and body waves. Surface waves are the type of seismic waves. These waves travel along the outer layer of the Earth.

Body waves are the type of seismic waves. These waves travel through the Earth.

The two types of body waves are P waves (P for primary) and S waves (S for secondary). P waves are also called compressional waves and S waves are also called shear waves...

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Chapter 21 Solutions

An Introduction to Physical Science
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Ch. 21.6 - What is the primary cause of mountain building?Ch. 21.6 - How were the Himalaya Mountains formed?Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - KEY TERMS 1. geology (Intro) 2. seismic waves...Ch. 21 - About how many plates exist on the Earth? (21.1)...Ch. 21 - The Moho boundary separates which two layers of...Ch. 21 - What layer is close to the melting point of rock...Ch. 21 - Which of the following geologic evidence does not...Ch. 21 - Wegener proposed what name for the ancient, giant...Ch. 21 - Which of the following is a primary cause of...Ch. 21 - Which type of plate boundaries exists at...Ch. 21 - The principle of isostasy states that the depth to...Ch. 21 - What process during plate collisions leads to the...Ch. 21 - On the Richter scale, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake...Ch. 21 - By what name is an upward pointing arch of a fold...Ch. 21 - Which of the following is not a mountain-building...Ch. 21 - ___ is the study of the Earths general structural...Ch. 21 - The ___ travel along the outer layer of the Earth....Ch. 21 - Directly below the lithosphere lies the ___....Ch. 21 - The ___ is the part of the Earths interior that is...Ch. 21 - The ___ are the lowest places on the Earths...Ch. 21 - A(n) ___ ridge system stretches through the major...Ch. 21 - The buoyancy of the lithosphere on top of the...Ch. 21 - Lithospheric plate boundaries can be divergent,...Ch. 21 - Dubbed the ___, it is the geologically active...Ch. 21 - Earthquake severity is measured by the ___. (21.5)Ch. 21 - The three principal types of mountains are fold,...Ch. 21 - The three major types of faults are normal, ___,...Ch. 21 - What is the radius of the Earth, in kilometers and...Ch. 21 - Name the four major regions of the Earth, from...Ch. 21 - What is the temperature of the inner core?Ch. 21 - Why is the asthenosphere so unique and important?Ch. 21 - Explain the mechanism behind continental drift.Ch. 21 - What is the Mid-Atlantic Ridge?Ch. 21 - Briefly state three types of evidence that support...Ch. 21 - Give some examples of the use of remanent...Ch. 21 - What, in the context of plate tectonics, is a...Ch. 21 - What and where are the lithosphere and the...Ch. 21 - Explain how continental crust and oceanic crust...Ch. 21 - Give an example of a feature at each of the three...Ch. 21 - What is a subduction zone?Ch. 21 - What is the primary driving force that causes...Ch. 21 - When an oceanic plate collides with a continental...Ch. 21 - Briefly, how are volcanoes explained in the theory...Ch. 21 - Where on the Earth are volcanoes not found?Ch. 21 - Give three examples of mountains formed by...Ch. 21 - Where on the Earth are earthquakes generally...Ch. 21 - Name the two plates that border the San Andreas...Ch. 21 - Distinguish between the focus and the epicenter of...Ch. 21 - Describe the deadly events that can occur because...Ch. 21 - What is measured by the Richter scale? Describe...Ch. 21 - On what three factors does the damage caused by an...Ch. 21 - Make a simple sketch of a fold and show the...Ch. 21 - Distinguish among a normal fault, a reverse fault,...Ch. 21 - What are the characteristics of a fold mountain?Ch. 21 - To which of the three principal types of mountains...Ch. 21 - Visualize the connections and give answers in the...Ch. 21 - State two similarities between the methods used by...Ch. 21 - How do we know that the Earths interior is made up...Ch. 21 - Describe an accurate method to measure the...Ch. 21 - Oil and gas deposits have been found off the coast...Ch. 21 - The 21.2 Highlight: Earthquake Risk in North...Ch. 21 - Refer to Fig. 21.16 and 21.19. In terms of...Ch. 21 - What forces and factors determine whether a rock...

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