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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The spatial arrangement of bonds for a C atom participating in a carbon–carbon triple bond is

  1. a. tetrahedral
  2. b. trigonal planar
  3. c. linear
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The spatial arrangement for bonds about a carbon atom which participates in carbon‑carbon triple bond has to be identified from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain at least one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.

Considering the geometry of carbon atoms, the carbon atoms that have double bonds will have trigonal planar geometry.  The carbon atoms that have only single bonds attached to it will have tetrahedral geometry.  The carbon atoms that have a triple bond attached to it will have a linear geometry.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

The carbon atom that is involved in triple bond has one triple bond and one single bonds.  The spatial arrangement of the bonds that is present about a carbon atom which involves one carbon‑carbon triple bond is a linear arrangement.  In this arrangement only the strain will be less and the bonds will be placed as far as possible from one another.  Therefore, the correct option among the given options is option (c).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that the spatial arrangement of carbon atom that participates in triple bond is tetrahedral...

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