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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The name toluene is assigned to the compound that has

  1. a. a methyl group attached to a benzene ring
  2. b. a vinyl group attached to a benzene ring
  3. c. two methyl groups attached to a benzene ring
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given options, the name toluene is assigned to the compound that contains what has to be chosen.

Concept Introduction:

Benzene derivatives are compounds that contain benzene as the core with substituents in the benzene ring. This is done by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms with other atoms in the ring. Substituents like alkyl groups or halogen groups are generally found. IUPAC name for monosubstituted benzene derivative use the name of the substituents as prefix to the name benzene.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Given name of benzene derivative is toluene. The structure of toluene can be given as,

From the above structure, it is found that a methyl group is substituted in the benzene ring.

Therefore, the correct option is option (a)...

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