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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

There are three isomers of dichlorobenzene, one of which has now replaced naphthalene as the main constituent of mothballs.

a. Identify the ortho, the meta, and the para isomers of dichlorobenzene.

b. Predict the number of isomers for trichlorobenzene.

c. It turns out that the presence of one chlorine atom on a benzene ring will cause the next substituent to add ortho or para to the first chlorine atom on the benzene ring. What does this tell you about the synthesis of m-dichlorobenzene?

d. Which of the isomers of trichlorobenzene will be the hardest to prepare?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The ortho, meta and para isomers of dichlorobenzene, three isomers of trichlorobenzene and which isomer of trichlorobenzene is hardest to prepare is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Organic compounds which have similar chemical formula but different structures, i.e., the atoms are in a different spatial arrangement, they are known as structural isomers. Cis and Trans isomers are also structural or geometrical isomers.

To determine: The ortho, meta and para isomers of dichlorobenzene.

Explanation

Explanation

The ortho, meta and para isomers of dichlorobenzene are I dentified.

The ortho isomer is,

Figure 1

The meta isomer is,

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The ortho, meta and para isomers of dichlorobenzene, three isomers of trichlorobenzene and which isomer of trichlorobenzene is hardest to prepare is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Organic compounds which have similar chemical formula but different structures, i.e., the atoms are in a different spatial arrangement, they are known as structural isomers. Cis and Trans isomers are also structural or geometrical isomers.

To determine: The three isomers of trichlorobenzene.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The ortho, meta and para isomers of dichlorobenzene, three isomers of trichlorobenzene and which isomer of trichlorobenzene is hardest to prepare is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Organic compounds which have similar chemical formula but different structures, i.e., the atoms are in a different spatial arrangement, they are known as structural isomers. Cis and Trans isomers are also structural or geometrical isomers.

To determine: The prediction about the synthesis of m-dichlorobenzene.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The ortho, meta and para isomers of dichlorobenzene, three isomers of trichlorobenzene and which isomer of trichlorobenzene is hardest to prepare is to be stated.

Concept introduction: Organic compounds which have similar chemical formula but different structures, i.e., the atoms are in a different spatial arrangement, they are known as structural isomers. Cis and Trans isomers are also structural or geometrical isomers.

To determine: The isomer of trichlorobenzene that is hardest to prepare.

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Chapter 22 Solutions

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Ch-22 P-11RQCh-22 P-12RQCh-22 P-1QCh-22 P-2QCh-22 P-3QCh-22 P-4QCh-22 P-5QCh-22 P-6QCh-22 P-7QCh-22 P-8QCh-22 P-9QCh-22 P-10QCh-22 P-11QCh-22 P-12QCh-22 P-13ECh-22 P-14ECh-22 P-15ECh-22 P-16ECh-22 P-17ECh-22 P-18ECh-22 P-19ECh-22 P-20ECh-22 P-21ECh-22 P-22ECh-22 P-23ECh-22 P-24ECh-22 P-25ECh-22 P-26ECh-22 P-27ECh-22 P-28ECh-22 P-29ECh-22 P-30ECh-22 P-31ECh-22 P-32ECh-22 P-33ECh-22 P-34ECh-22 P-35ECh-22 P-36ECh-22 P-37ECh-22 P-38ECh-22 P-39ECh-22 P-40ECh-22 P-41ECh-22 P-42ECh-22 P-43ECh-22 P-44ECh-22 P-45ECh-22 P-46ECh-22 P-47ECh-22 P-48ECh-22 P-49ECh-22 P-50ECh-22 P-51ECh-22 P-52ECh-22 P-53ECh-22 P-54ECh-22 P-55ECh-22 P-56ECh-22 P-57ECh-22 P-58ECh-22 P-59ECh-22 P-60ECh-22 P-61ECh-22 P-62ECh-22 P-63ECh-22 P-64ECh-22 P-65ECh-22 P-66ECh-22 P-67ECh-22 P-68ECh-22 P-69ECh-22 P-70ECh-22 P-71ECh-22 P-72ECh-22 P-73ECh-22 P-74ECh-22 P-75ECh-22 P-76ECh-22 P-77ECh-22 P-78ECh-22 P-79ECh-22 P-80ECh-22 P-81ECh-22 P-82ECh-22 P-83ECh-22 P-84ECh-22 P-85ECh-22 P-86ECh-22 P-87ECh-22 P-88ECh-22 P-89ECh-22 P-90ECh-22 P-91ECh-22 P-92ECh-22 P-93ECh-22 P-94ECh-22 P-95ECh-22 P-96ECh-22 P-97ECh-22 P-98ECh-22 P-99ECh-22 P-100ECh-22 P-101ECh-22 P-102ECh-22 P-103ECh-22 P-104ECh-22 P-105ECh-22 P-106ECh-22 P-107ECh-22 P-108ECh-22 P-109ECh-22 P-110ECh-22 P-111AECh-22 P-112AECh-22 P-113AECh-22 P-114AECh-22 P-115AECh-22 P-116AECh-22 P-117AECh-22 P-118AECh-22 P-119AECh-22 P-120AECh-22 P-121AECh-22 P-122AECh-22 P-123AECh-22 P-124AECh-22 P-125AECh-22 P-126AECh-22 P-127AECh-22 P-128AECh-22 P-129AECh-22 P-130AECh-22 P-131AECh-22 P-132AECh-22 P-133AECh-22 P-134AECh-22 P-135AECh-22 P-136AECh-22 P-137CWPCh-22 P-138CWPCh-22 P-139CWPCh-22 P-140CWPCh-22 P-141CWPCh-22 P-142CWPCh-22 P-143CWPCh-22 P-144CWPCh-22 P-145CPCh-22 P-146CPCh-22 P-147CPCh-22 P-148CPCh-22 P-149CPCh-22 P-150CPCh-22 P-151CPCh-22 P-152CPCh-22 P-153CPCh-22 P-154CPCh-22 P-155CPCh-22 P-156CPCh-22 P-157CPCh-22 P-158CPCh-22 P-159IPCh-22 P-160IPCh-22 P-161MPCh-22 P-162MP

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