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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Which of the following complex ions containing the oxalate ion is (are) chiral?

(a) [Fe(C2O4)CI4]2−

(b) cis-[Fe(C2O4)2CI2]2−

(c) trans-[Fe(C2O4)2CI2]2−

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: From the given set the complex containing chiral oxalate ion has to be determined.

Concept introduction:

Coordination compounds: The compounds having coordination covalent bonds which form when metal ions react with polar molecules or anions.

Ligands: The ions or molecules that forms coordination covalent bond with metal ions in a coordination compound. Ligands should have minimum one lone pair of electron, where it donates two electrons to the metal. Metal atom accepts the electron pair from a ligand forming a coordination bond.

Monodentate Ligand is ligand which donates only one pair of electrons to form bond with metal. It only makes one bond with metal. Polydentate ligand forms two or more coordination bond with metal ions to form a complex.

Isomerism: Two chemical compounds are said to be isomers if they have same number and kind of atoms but different only in their orientation that is structural arrangements.

There are different types of isomerism in which geometric is of one type where the rotation around the atom is restricted like in cis-trans configuration. This is also refereed as cis-trans isomerism.

Explanation

Correct option:

The complex ion in option (a) and (b) will have chiral oxalate with it.

Reasons for correct option:

The complex ion is considered as chiral if it has non super impossible mirror image (enantiomer).

(a)

(b)

The complex in option (a) and (b) are non-super impossible hence they serve as correct answer...

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