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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

What functional group distinguishes each of the following hydrocarbon derivatives?

a. halohydrocarbons

b. alcohols

c. ethers

d. aldehydes

e. ketones

f. carboxylic acids

g. esters

h. amines

Give examples of each functional group. What prefix or suffix is used to name each functional group? What are the bond angles in each? Describe the bonding in each functional group. What is the difference between a primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohol? For the functional groups in a–h, when is a number required to indicate the position of the functional group? Carboxylic acids are often written as RCOOH. What does —COOH indicate and what does R indicate? Aldehydes are sometimes written as RCHO. What does —CHO indicate?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given hydrocarbon derivatives are to be distinguished on the basis of functional groups present. Various question based upon the functional groups are to be answered.

Concept introduction: A functional group is a group of elements that changes the physical as well as chemical properties of a compound. They play a significant role in naming and reactivity of a chemical reaction. Some of the common examples of functional groups are alcohol, carboxylic acid, amine, aldehyde, ketone and many others.

To determine: The functional groups that distinguishes the given hydrocarbon derivatives and the answers for the questions asked.

The functional group that distinguishes halohydrocarbons.

Explanation

Explanation

The functional group present in halohydrocarbons is halogen

The hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain hydrogen and carbon. When halogen is attached to any hydrocarbon, then the compound is known as halohydrocarbons...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given hydrocarbon derivatives are to be distinguished on the basis of functional groups present. Various question based upon the functional groups are to be answered.

Concept introduction: A functional group is a group of elements that changes the physical as well as chemical properties of a compound. They play a significant role in naming and reactivity of a chemical reaction. Some of the common examples of functional groups are alcohol, carboxylic acid, amine, aldehyde, ketone and many others.

To determine: The functional group that distinguishes alcohols.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given hydrocarbon derivatives are to be distinguished on the basis of functional groups present. Various question based upon the functional groups are to be answered.

Concept introduction: A functional group is a group of elements that changes the physical as well as chemical properties of a compound. They play a significant role in naming and reactivity of a chemical reaction. Some of the common examples of functional groups are alcohol, carboxylic acid, amine, aldehyde, ketone and many others.

To determine: The functional group that distinguishes ethers.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given hydrocarbon derivatives are to be distinguished on the basis of functional groups present. Various question based upon the functional groups are to be answered.

Concept introduction: A functional group is a group of elements that changes the physical as well as chemical properties of a compound. They play a significant role in naming and reactivity of a chemical reaction. Some of the common examples of functional groups are alcohol, carboxylic acid, amine, aldehyde, ketone and many others.

To determine: The functional group that distinguishes aldehydes.

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given hydrocarbon derivatives are to be distinguished on the basis of functional groups present. Various question based upon the functional groups are to be answered.

Concept introduction: A functional group is a group of elements that changes the physical as well as chemical properties of a compound. They play a significant role in naming and reactivity of a chemical reaction. Some of the common examples of functional groups are alcohol, carboxylic acid, amine, aldehyde, ketone and many others.

(f)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given hydrocarbon derivatives are to be distinguished on the basis of functional groups present. Various question based upon the functional groups are to be answered.

Concept introduction: A functional group is a group of elements that changes the physical as well as chemical properties of a compound. They play a significant role in naming and reactivity of a chemical reaction. Some of the common examples of functional groups are alcohol, carboxylic acid, amine, aldehyde, ketone and many others.

(g)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given hydrocarbon derivatives are to be distinguished on the basis of functional groups present. Various question based upon the functional groups are to be answered.

Concept introduction: A functional group is a group of elements that changes the physical as well as chemical properties of a compound. They play a significant role in naming and reactivity of a chemical reaction. Some of the common examples of functional groups are alcohol, carboxylic acid, amine, aldehyde, ketone and many others.

(h)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given hydrocarbon derivatives are to be distinguished on the basis of functional groups present. Various question based upon the functional groups are to be answered.

Concept introduction: A functional group is a group of elements that changes the physical as well as chemical properties of a compound. They play a significant role in naming and reactivity of a chemical reaction. Some of the common examples of functional groups are alcohol, carboxylic acid, amine, aldehyde, ketone and many others.

(II)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The given hydrocarbon derivatives are to be distinguished on the basis of functional groups present. Various question based upon the functional groups are to be answered.

Concept introduction: A functional group is a group of elements that changes the physical as well as chemical properties of a compound. They play a significant role in naming and reactivity of a chemical reaction. Some of the common examples of functional groups are alcohol, carboxylic acid, amine, aldehyde, ketone and many others.

To determine: The answers of the various questions based upon functional groups.

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Chapter 22 Solutions

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Ch-22 P-11RQCh-22 P-12RQCh-22 P-1QCh-22 P-2QCh-22 P-3QCh-22 P-4QCh-22 P-5QCh-22 P-6QCh-22 P-7QCh-22 P-8QCh-22 P-9QCh-22 P-10QCh-22 P-11QCh-22 P-12QCh-22 P-13ECh-22 P-14ECh-22 P-15ECh-22 P-16ECh-22 P-17ECh-22 P-18ECh-22 P-19ECh-22 P-20ECh-22 P-21ECh-22 P-22ECh-22 P-23ECh-22 P-24ECh-22 P-25ECh-22 P-26ECh-22 P-27ECh-22 P-28ECh-22 P-29ECh-22 P-30ECh-22 P-31ECh-22 P-32ECh-22 P-33ECh-22 P-34ECh-22 P-35ECh-22 P-36ECh-22 P-37ECh-22 P-38ECh-22 P-39ECh-22 P-40ECh-22 P-41ECh-22 P-42ECh-22 P-43ECh-22 P-44ECh-22 P-45ECh-22 P-46ECh-22 P-47ECh-22 P-48ECh-22 P-49ECh-22 P-50ECh-22 P-51ECh-22 P-52ECh-22 P-53ECh-22 P-54ECh-22 P-55ECh-22 P-56ECh-22 P-57ECh-22 P-58ECh-22 P-59ECh-22 P-60ECh-22 P-61ECh-22 P-62ECh-22 P-63ECh-22 P-64ECh-22 P-65ECh-22 P-66ECh-22 P-67ECh-22 P-68ECh-22 P-69ECh-22 P-70ECh-22 P-71ECh-22 P-72ECh-22 P-73ECh-22 P-74ECh-22 P-75ECh-22 P-76ECh-22 P-77ECh-22 P-78ECh-22 P-79ECh-22 P-80ECh-22 P-81ECh-22 P-82ECh-22 P-83ECh-22 P-84ECh-22 P-85ECh-22 P-86ECh-22 P-87ECh-22 P-88ECh-22 P-89ECh-22 P-90ECh-22 P-91ECh-22 P-92ECh-22 P-93ECh-22 P-94ECh-22 P-95ECh-22 P-96ECh-22 P-97ECh-22 P-98ECh-22 P-99ECh-22 P-100ECh-22 P-101ECh-22 P-102ECh-22 P-103ECh-22 P-104ECh-22 P-105ECh-22 P-106ECh-22 P-107ECh-22 P-108ECh-22 P-109ECh-22 P-110ECh-22 P-111AECh-22 P-112AECh-22 P-113AECh-22 P-114AECh-22 P-115AECh-22 P-116AECh-22 P-117AECh-22 P-118AECh-22 P-119AECh-22 P-120AECh-22 P-121AECh-22 P-122AECh-22 P-123AECh-22 P-124AECh-22 P-125AECh-22 P-126AECh-22 P-127AECh-22 P-128AECh-22 P-129AECh-22 P-130AECh-22 P-131AECh-22 P-132AECh-22 P-133AECh-22 P-134AECh-22 P-135AECh-22 P-136AECh-22 P-137CWPCh-22 P-138CWPCh-22 P-139CWPCh-22 P-140CWPCh-22 P-141CWPCh-22 P-142CWPCh-22 P-143CWPCh-22 P-144CWPCh-22 P-145CPCh-22 P-146CPCh-22 P-147CPCh-22 P-148CPCh-22 P-149CPCh-22 P-150CPCh-22 P-151CPCh-22 P-152CPCh-22 P-153CPCh-22 P-154CPCh-22 P-155CPCh-22 P-156CPCh-22 P-157CPCh-22 P-158CPCh-22 P-159IPCh-22 P-160IPCh-22 P-161MPCh-22 P-162MP

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