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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

A transition metal coordination compound absorbs 425-nm light. What is its color?

(a) red

(b) green

(c) yellow

(d) blue

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The color of the light absorbed by metal coordinated compound has to be determined.

Concept introduction: The transition metal atoms have tendency to form complex compounds that are linked to the certain neutral or ionic species which leads to the formation of coordination compounds.

Coordination compounds: The compounds having coordination covalent bonds which form when metal ions react with polar molecules or anions.

Ligands: The ions or molecules that forms coordination covalent bond with metal ions in a coordination compound. Ligands should have minimum one lone pair of electron, where it donates two electrons to the metal. Metal atom accepts the electron pair from a ligand forming a coordination bond.

Monodentate Ligand is ligand which donates only one pair of electrons to form bond with metal. It only makes one bond with metal. Polydentate ligand forms two or more coordination bond with metal ions to form a complex.

Spectrochemical Series: The list of ligands arranged in an ascending order of (Δ)(the splitting of d-orbitals in presence of various ligands).

I-<Br-<SCN-<Cl-<S2-<F-<OH-<O2-<H2O<NCS-<edta4-<NH3<  en<NO2-<CN-<COweak-fieldincreasing(Δ)strong-fieldligandsligands The strong-field ligands results in pairing of electrons present in the complex and leads to diamagnetic species , while the low-field ligand do not have tendency to pair up the electrons therefore forms paramagnetic species.

The strong field ligand leads to splitting to a higher extent than the weak field ligands and the wavelength of light absorbed depends on the energy gap that is produced by a particular ligand in which the energy gap in d orbital splitting lies on the wave length of visible region.

Visible region: The electromagnetic radiation in range of 400700nm is regarded as visible region which is actually visible to human eyes.

Explanation

The strong field ligands lead to splitting to a higher extent than the weak field ligands and the wavelength of light absorbed depends on the energy gap that is produced by a particular ligand in which the energy gap in d orbital splitting lies on the wave length of visible region.

When the electron gets excited from lower to higher levels the energy gap lies in visible region was absorbed and the corresponding complementary color was shown by the complex...

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