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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

The square-planar complex Pt(en)Cl2 has chloride ligands in a cis configuration. No trans isomer is known. Based on the bond lengths and bond angles of carbon and nitrogen in the ethylenediamine ligand, explain why the trans compound is not possible.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The trans compound of platinum complex is not possible has to be explained.

Concept introduction:

Isomerism: Isomers are compounds with same molecular formula with different arrangements of atoms.

  • Structural isomers:  have same molecular formula but different bonding arrangements of atoms. It is classified into coordination isomer (occurs by exchanging a coordinated ligand and the counter-ions) and linkage isomers (ligand attached through different atoms to the metal).
  • Stereoisomers: differ in their spatial arrangement of atoms.
Explanation

The bond angle of sp3 hybridized carbon is 109

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