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KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs scale 4. cleavage 5. rock (22.2) 6. igneous rocks 7. sedimentary rocks 8. metamorphic rocks 9. uniformitarianism 10. rock cycle 11. magma (22.3) 12. lava 13. plutons (22.4) 14. pyroclastics (tephra) 15. viscosity 16. caldera 17. sediment (22.5) 18. lithification 19. bedding 20. metamorphism (22.6) 21. contact metamorphism 22. shear metamorphism 23. regional metamorphism 24. foliation 25. hydrothermal metamorphism For each of the following items, fill in the number of the appropriate Key Term from the preceding list. i. _____ The layering that develops at the time the sediment is deposited

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An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137
BuyFind

An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 22, Problem IM
Textbook Problem

KEY TERMS

  1. 1. mineral (22.1)
  2. 2. silicates
  3. 3. Mohs scale
  4. 4. cleavage
  5. 5. rock (22.2)
  6. 6. igneous rocks
  7. 7. sedimentary rocks
  8. 8. metamorphic rocks
  9. 9. uniformitarianism
  1. 10. rock cycle
  2. 11. magma (22.3)
  3. 12. lava
  4. 13. plutons (22.4)
  5. 14. pyroclastics (tephra)
  6. 15. viscosity
  7. 16. caldera
  8. 17. sediment (22.5)

  1. 18. lithification
  2. 19. bedding
  3. 20. metamorphism (22.6)
  4. 21. contact metamorphism
  5. 22. shear metamorphism
  6. 23. regional metamorphism
  7. 24. foliation
  8. 25. hydrothermal metamorphism

For each of the following items, fill in the number of the appropriate Key Term from the preceding list.

i. _____ The layering that develops at the time the sediment is deposited

Expert Solution
To determine

Pick the keyword from the given list: The layering that develops at the time of the sediment is deposited.

Explanation of Solution

Sediment is a sand, mud, precipitated material or rock fragments that have been transported by water or air.

Mud, sand and fragments of rock are carried by streams. These particles are deposited as sediment along rivers, on the sea floor and in lakes. The rocks are made of fragments of rock and cemented sand.

Bedding is the layering that develops at the time of the sediment is deposited...

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Chapter 22 Solutions

An Introduction to Physical Science
Show all chapter solutions
Ch. 22.6 - How are metamorphic rocks formed?Ch. 22.6 - What percentage of the Earths crust is metamorphic...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - KEY TERMS 1. mineral (22.1) 2. silicates 3. Mohs...Ch. 22 - Which two elements are found in the largest...Ch. 22 - Density is related most closely with which...Ch. 22 - The simple, common method of classifying minerals...Ch. 22 - What does the Mohs scale measure? (22.1) (a)...Ch. 22 - Which of the following scientists is generally...Ch. 22 - Rock is made up of one or more ___. (22.2) (a)...Ch. 22 - Coal is the compacted remains of plant matter....Ch. 22 - Which of the following does the rock cycle...Ch. 22 - Igneous rocks are classified according to their...Ch. 22 - What does the grain size of an igneous rock tell a...Ch. 22 - Which of these is glassy rock solidified almost...Ch. 22 - What are plutons? (22.4) (a) bodies of intrusive...Ch. 22 - Which of the following statements is true? (22.4)...Ch. 22 - What type of volcano forms a layered, composite...Ch. 22 - How does sedimentary rock from the ocean floor...Ch. 22 - Which of these is a common color of sedimentary...Ch. 22 - What is the process of transforming sediment into...Ch. 22 - To which rock does the metamorphosis of limestone...Ch. 22 - Metamorphism occurs for which class of rocks?...Ch. 22 - Which metamorphic change is brought about...Ch. 22 - The fundamental silicon-oxygen compound is ___....Ch. 22 - The most abundant minerals in the Earths crust...Ch. 22 - The metallic appearance of some minerals is called...Ch. 22 - A(n) ___ is any mineral or other precious or...Ch. 22 - Rocks solidified from molten material, either...Ch. 22 - The concept that ancient rocks were formed in the...Ch. 22 - Heat and ___ are needed to form metamorphic rock....Ch. 22 - The common igneous rock that has a fine-grained...Ch. 22 - Igneous rocks are formed by the solidification of...Ch. 22 - The manner in which a volcano erupts depends...Ch. 22 - A(n) ___ is a steep-sloped formation from a...Ch. 22 - Intrusive igneous rock formations that lie more or...Ch. 22 - The Hawaiian Islands and Emperor Seamount chain...Ch. 22 - The general name for an intrusive igneous rock...Ch. 22 - The expulsion of ___ is the most widespread...Ch. 22 - A common energy source, ___ is classified as an...Ch. 22 - Dripstone formations that extend downward from a...Ch. 22 - The sedimentary rock called shale metamorphoses...Ch. 22 - ____ is a pronounced layering of rock caused by...Ch. 22 - Metamorphism that results from the circulation of...Ch. 22 - What is a mineral, and what is the study of...Ch. 22 - Sketch the structure of the siliconoxygen...Ch. 22 - How does the oxygen-to-silicon ratio differ...Ch. 22 - Give four examples of nonsilicate materials.Ch. 22 - What are the limits of the Mohs scale? Give an...Ch. 22 - With what are diamonds cut?Ch. 22 - Define the mineralogical terms luster and streak.Ch. 22 - What is the characteristic cleavage of mica?Ch. 22 - Define the term rock. What is the study of rocks...Ch. 22 - Name the three basic types of rocks and briefly...Ch. 22 - What is the basis of uniformitarianism? How does...Ch. 22 - Through what processes must sedimentary rock...Ch. 22 - Distinguish between magma and lava.Ch. 22 - How are intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks...Ch. 22 - Name a common igneous rock that is an example of...Ch. 22 - Use Table 22.4 and compare gabbro and rhyolite...Ch. 22 - Contrast plutons and lava flows.Ch. 22 - What are three products of a volcano?Ch. 22 - What two factors determine the viscosity of magma...Ch. 22 - How did the Hawaiian Islands form?Ch. 22 - Compare the eruptive styles of volcanoes.Ch. 22 - Distinguish among (a) shield volcanoes, (b)...Ch. 22 - What are calderas, and how are they formed? Name a...Ch. 22 - Why is coal classified as a sedimentary rock?Ch. 22 - Distinguish between a stalactite and a stalagmite....Ch. 22 - List several physical characteristics of...Ch. 22 - What is often the most interesting characteristic...Ch. 22 - How do temperature and pressure change with depth...Ch. 22 - Distinguish among contact, shear, and hydrothermal...Ch. 22 - Define the term foliation.Ch. 22 - What are the valuable properties of Verde Antique?Ch. 22 - Visualize the connections and give answers in the...Ch. 22 - While on a geologic expedition, you unearth a...Ch. 22 - While in Hawaii, you want to visit Mauna Loa. Your...Ch. 22 - You are given five transparent objects: a calcite...Ch. 22 - In lab, your instructor hands you a steel-gray...Ch. 22 - A friend claims he has found a meteorite. What...Ch. 22 - As a student in geology, you have three favorite...Ch. 22 - You are leading a scout troop on a field trip when...

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