BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

You are asked to identify an unknown color-less, liquid carbonyl compound. Analysis has determined that the formula for this unknown is C3H6O. Only two compounds match this formula.

(a) Draw structures for the two possible compounds.

(b) To decide which of the two structures is correct, you react the compound with an oxidizing agent and isolate from that reaction a compound that is found to give an acidic solution in water. Use this result to identify the structure of the unknown.

(c) Name the compound formed by oxidation of the unknown.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To identify the carbonyl compound having molecular formula C3H6O. To draw the structures of two possible carbonyl compounds.

Concept introduction:

The hydrocarbons which have general formula CnH2nO are come in the catagory of carbonyl compounds. The carbonyl compounds have R2CO and RCHO functional groups. So, carbonyl compounds are of two types (1) Aldehydes (RCHO) (2) Ketones (R2CO).

These compounds have same molecular formula but different structural formula. Therfore their systematic names are different. For aldehydes the suffix written in the end of parent carbon chain is -al, while for ketone -one. For example, propanal is an aldehyde and propanone is a ketone.

The reaction of an aldehyde with KMnO4 gives a carboxylic acid. The conversion of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid is an oxidation reaction, so KMnO4 is acting as a oxidizing agent. However, a ketone does not undergo oxidation in the presence of oxidizing agent.

Explanation

The structures of the two carbonyl compounds can be drawn by using the given molecular formula. The one structure is drawn for an aldehyde and another one is drawn for ketone...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To identify the carbonyl compound having molecular formula C3H6O. To decide which of the structure is correct.

(c) To write the name of product obtained after oxidation.

Concept introduction:

The hydrocarbons which have general formula CnH2nO are come in the catagory of carbonyl compounds. The carbonyl compounds have R2CO and RCHO functional groups. So, carbonyl compounds are of two types (1) Aldehydes (RCHO) (2) Ketones (R2CO).

These compounds have same molecular formula but different structural formula. Therfore their systematic names are different. For aldehydes the suffix written in the end of parent carbon chain is -al, while for ketone -one. For example, propanal is an aldehyde and propanone is a ketone.

The reaction of an aldehyde with KMnO4 gives a carboxylic acid. The conversion of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid is an oxidation reaction, so KMnO4 is acting as a oxidizing agent. However, a ketone does not undergo oxidation in the presence of oxidizing agent.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To write the name of product obtained after oxidation.

Concept introduction:

The hydrocarbons which have general formula CnH2nO are come in the catagory of carbonyl compounds. The carbonyl compounds have R2CO and RCHO functional groups. So, carbonyl compounds are of two types (1) Aldehydes (RCHO) (2) Ketones (R2CO).

These compounds have same molecular formula but different structural formula. Therfore their systematic names are different. For aldehydes the suffix written in the end of parent carbon chain is -al, while for ketone -one. For example, propanal is an aldehyde and propanone is a ketone.

The reaction of an aldehyde with KMnO4 gives a carboxylic acid. The conversion of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid is an oxidation reaction, so KMnO4 is acting as a oxidizing agent. However, a ketone does not undergo oxidation in the presence of oxidizing agent.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 23 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Sect-23.5 P-1.3ACPSect-23.5 P-2.1ACPSect-23.5 P-2.2ACPSect-23.5 P-2.3ACPSect-23.5 P-3.1ACPSect-23.5 P-3.2ACPSect-23.5 P-3.3ACPSect-23.5 P-3.4ACPSect-23.5 P-3.5ACPCh-23 P-1PSCh-23 P-2PSCh-23 P-3PSCh-23 P-4PSCh-23 P-5PSCh-23 P-6PSCh-23 P-7PSCh-23 P-8PSCh-23 P-9PSCh-23 P-10PSCh-23 P-11PSCh-23 P-12PSCh-23 P-13PSCh-23 P-14PSCh-23 P-15PSCh-23 P-16PSCh-23 P-17PSCh-23 P-18PSCh-23 P-19PSCh-23 P-20PSCh-23 P-21PSCh-23 P-22PSCh-23 P-23PSCh-23 P-24PSCh-23 P-25PSCh-23 P-26PSCh-23 P-27PSCh-23 P-28PSCh-23 P-29PSCh-23 P-30PSCh-23 P-31PSCh-23 P-32PSCh-23 P-33PSCh-23 P-34PSCh-23 P-35PSCh-23 P-36PSCh-23 P-37PSCh-23 P-38PSCh-23 P-39PSCh-23 P-40PSCh-23 P-41PSCh-23 P-42PSCh-23 P-43PSCh-23 P-44PSCh-23 P-45PSCh-23 P-46PSCh-23 P-47PSCh-23 P-48PSCh-23 P-49PSCh-23 P-50PSCh-23 P-51PSCh-23 P-52PSCh-23 P-53PSCh-23 P-54PSCh-23 P-55PSCh-23 P-56PSCh-23 P-57PSCh-23 P-58PSCh-23 P-59PSCh-23 P-60PSCh-23 P-61PSCh-23 P-62PSCh-23 P-63PSCh-23 P-64PSCh-23 P-65PSCh-23 P-66PSCh-23 P-67PSCh-23 P-68PSCh-23 P-69PSCh-23 P-70PSCh-23 P-71PSCh-23 P-72PSCh-23 P-73PSCh-23 P-74PSCh-23 P-75GQCh-23 P-76GQCh-23 P-77GQCh-23 P-78GQCh-23 P-79GQCh-23 P-80GQCh-23 P-81GQCh-23 P-82GQCh-23 P-83GQCh-23 P-84GQCh-23 P-85GQCh-23 P-86GQCh-23 P-87GQCh-23 P-88GQCh-23 P-89GQCh-23 P-90GQCh-23 P-91GQCh-23 P-92GQCh-23 P-93GQCh-23 P-94GQCh-23 P-95GQCh-23 P-96GQCh-23 P-97GQCh-23 P-98GQCh-23 P-99GQCh-23 P-100GQCh-23 P-101GQCh-23 P-102GQCh-23 P-103ILCh-23 P-104ILCh-23 P-105ILCh-23 P-106ILCh-23 P-107ILCh-23 P-108ILCh-23 P-109ILCh-23 P-110ILCh-23 P-111ILCh-23 P-112ILCh-23 P-113ILCh-23 P-114ILCh-23 P-115SCQCh-23 P-116SCQCh-23 P-117SCQCh-23 P-118SCQCh-23 P-119SCQCh-23 P-120SCQCh-23 P-121SCQ

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

Commercial shakes and energy bars have proven to be the best protein sources to support weight-loss efforts. T ...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

How are astronomers able to explore the layers of the Sun below the photosphere?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

Two ocean liners, each with a mass of 40 000 metric tons, are moving on parallel courses 100 m apart. What is t...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

Sieve tubes are part of ______. a. cortex b. mesophyll c. phloem d. xylem

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life (MindTap Course List)