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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Draw structures for the following compounds.

(a) 3-ethylpentane

(b) 2,3-dimethylpentane

(c) 2,4-dimethylpentane

(d) 2,2-dimethylpentane

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structure of the following compounds has to be drawn for 3-ethylpentane.

Concept introduction:

The structure of the alkanes can be drawn with the help of their systematic name.

  (1) The parent name give the information about the longest chain of the carbon atoms for alkane.

  (2) The prefix written in the systematic name tells about the side chains and their positions.

  (3) Numbering should be given according to side chain, so that carbon atom having side chain get a least numbering.

  (4) If molecule has more than one side chain which are different then name should be written alphabetically.

Explanation

The givem name is 3-ethylpentane

From the name it is clear that:

  • The parent name is pentane for the given alkane so the number of carbon atoms in longest chain are five.
  • The alkane is monosubstituted by ethyl group at position 3

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structure of the following compounds has to be drawn for 2,3-dimethylpentane.

Concept introduction:

The structure of the alkanes can be drawn with the help of their systematic name.

  (1) The parent name give the information about the longest chain of the carbon atoms for alkane.

  (2) The prefix written in the systematic name tells about the side chains and their positions.

  (3) Numbering should be given according to side chain, so that carbon atom having side chain get a least numbering.

  (4) If molecule has more than one side chain which are different then name should be written alphabetically.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structure of the following compounds has to be drawn for 2,4-dimethylpentane

Concept introduction:

The structure of the alkanes can be drawn with the help of their systematic name.

  (1) The parent name give the information about the longest chain of the carbon atoms for alkane.

  (2) The prefix written in the systematic name tells about the side chains and their positions.

  (3) Numbering should be given according to side chain, so that carbon atom having side chain get a least numbering.

  (4) If molecule has more than one side chain which are different then name should be written alphabetically.

 (d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The structure of the following compounds has to be drawn for 2,2-dimethylpentane.

Concept introduction:

The structure of the alkanes can be drawn with the help of their systematic name.

  (1) The parent name give the information about the longest chain of the carbon atoms for alkane.

  (2) The prefix written in the systematic name tells about the side chains and their positions.

  (3) Numbering should be given according to side chain, so that carbon atom having side chain get a least numbering.

  (4) If molecule has more than one side chain which are different then name should be written alphabetically.

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Chapter 23 Solutions

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Sect-23.5 P-1.3ACPSect-23.5 P-2.1ACPSect-23.5 P-2.2ACPSect-23.5 P-2.3ACPSect-23.5 P-3.1ACPSect-23.5 P-3.2ACPSect-23.5 P-3.3ACPSect-23.5 P-3.4ACPSect-23.5 P-3.5ACPCh-23 P-1PSCh-23 P-2PSCh-23 P-3PSCh-23 P-4PSCh-23 P-5PSCh-23 P-6PSCh-23 P-7PSCh-23 P-8PSCh-23 P-9PSCh-23 P-10PSCh-23 P-11PSCh-23 P-12PSCh-23 P-13PSCh-23 P-14PSCh-23 P-15PSCh-23 P-16PSCh-23 P-17PSCh-23 P-18PSCh-23 P-19PSCh-23 P-20PSCh-23 P-21PSCh-23 P-22PSCh-23 P-23PSCh-23 P-24PSCh-23 P-25PSCh-23 P-26PSCh-23 P-27PSCh-23 P-28PSCh-23 P-29PSCh-23 P-30PSCh-23 P-31PSCh-23 P-32PSCh-23 P-33PSCh-23 P-34PSCh-23 P-35PSCh-23 P-36PSCh-23 P-37PSCh-23 P-38PSCh-23 P-39PSCh-23 P-40PSCh-23 P-41PSCh-23 P-42PSCh-23 P-43PSCh-23 P-44PSCh-23 P-45PSCh-23 P-46PSCh-23 P-47PSCh-23 P-48PSCh-23 P-49PSCh-23 P-50PSCh-23 P-51PSCh-23 P-52PSCh-23 P-53PSCh-23 P-54PSCh-23 P-55PSCh-23 P-56PSCh-23 P-57PSCh-23 P-58PSCh-23 P-59PSCh-23 P-60PSCh-23 P-61PSCh-23 P-62PSCh-23 P-63PSCh-23 P-64PSCh-23 P-65PSCh-23 P-66PSCh-23 P-67PSCh-23 P-68PSCh-23 P-69PSCh-23 P-70PSCh-23 P-71PSCh-23 P-72PSCh-23 P-73PSCh-23 P-74PSCh-23 P-75GQCh-23 P-76GQCh-23 P-77GQCh-23 P-78GQCh-23 P-79GQCh-23 P-80GQCh-23 P-81GQCh-23 P-82GQCh-23 P-83GQCh-23 P-84GQCh-23 P-85GQCh-23 P-86GQCh-23 P-87GQCh-23 P-88GQCh-23 P-89GQCh-23 P-90GQCh-23 P-91GQCh-23 P-92GQCh-23 P-93GQCh-23 P-94GQCh-23 P-95GQCh-23 P-96GQCh-23 P-97GQCh-23 P-98GQCh-23 P-99GQCh-23 P-100GQCh-23 P-101GQCh-23 P-102GQCh-23 P-103ILCh-23 P-104ILCh-23 P-105ILCh-23 P-106ILCh-23 P-107ILCh-23 P-108ILCh-23 P-109ILCh-23 P-110ILCh-23 P-111ILCh-23 P-112ILCh-23 P-113ILCh-23 P-114ILCh-23 P-115SCQCh-23 P-116SCQCh-23 P-117SCQCh-23 P-118SCQCh-23 P-119SCQCh-23 P-120SCQCh-23 P-121SCQ

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