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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580343
BuyFind

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580343

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 23, Problem 23.18QP
Textbook Problem

What is the correct IUPAC name for the following compound?

Chapter 23, Problem 23.18QP, What is the correct IUPAC name for the following compound? a 4-heptenol b 3-methyl-2-pentanol c

  1. a 4-heptenol
  2. b 3-methyl-2-pentanol
  3. c 4-pentanol
  4. d 4-heptanol
  5. e 1,3-diethyl-2-propanol

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name for the given hydrocarbons has to be written.

Concept Introduction:

Any organic molecule can be named by using certain rules given by IUPAC (International Union for Pure and applied chemistry). IUPAC name consists of three parts in major namely Prefix suffix and root word.

Prefix represents the substituent present in the molecule and its position in the root name.

Suffix denotes the presence of functional group if any in the molecule. It can be an alkene, alkyne, alcohol, carboxylic acid, alcohol etc...

Root word represents the longest continuous carbon skeleton of the organic molecule.

To Identify: The IUPAC name for the compound from the given set of options.

Explanation of Solution

Reason for correct option:

From the given structure the lengthy carbon chain has to be identified.  In this case it is a seven carbon chain and hence the parent alkane is heptane.  The substitution that is present in the lengthy carbon chain is a hydroxyl group in the fourth carbon atom.  Therefore the functional group is alcohol.  Suffix “-ol” has to be added at the end of the IUPAC name.  Therefore, the name of the given hydrocarbon is written as 4-heptanol.

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Chapter 23 Solutions

General Chemistry - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)
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