27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094




27th Edition
WARREN + 5 others
ISBN: 9781337272094
Textbook Problem

Direct labor variances

 Dvorak Company produces a product that requires 3 standard hours per unit at a standard hourly rate of $17 per hour. If 1,000 units required 2,800 hours at an hourly rate of $16.50 per hour, what is the direct labor (a) rate variance, (b) time variance, and (c) total direct labor cost variance?


To determine

Direct labor variances:

The difference between the actual labor cost in the production and the standard labor cost for actual production is known as direct labor cost variance. The direct labor variance can be classified as follows:

    • Labor rate variance.
    • Labor time variance.

To determine: The labor rate variance.


The direct labor rate variance is determined as follows:

Direct labor rate variance = [(Actual rate per hourStandard rate per hour)× Actual 


To determine
The labor time variance.


To determine
The total labor cost variance.

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