   Chapter 23, Problem 23.8EX

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Direct labor variances The following data relate to labor cost for production of 22,000 cellular telephones: Actual: 4,220 hrs. at $44.50 Standard: 4,160 hrs. at$46.00  a.    Determine the direct labor rate variance, direct labor time variance, and total direct labor cost variance. b.    Discuss what might have caused these variances.

(a)

To determine

Direct labor variances:

The difference between the actual labor cost in the production and the standard labor cost for actual production is known as direct labor cost variance. The direct labor variance can be classified as follows:

• Labor rate variance.
• Labor time variance.

To determine: The direct labor rate variance.

Explanation

The direct labor rate variance is determined as follows:

Direct labor rate variance = [(Actual rate per hourStandard rate per hour)× Actual hours]=[(\$44

(b)

To determine

To explain: The reason behind the cause of these variances.

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