   Chapter 23, Problem 26PS

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Write balanced equations for the following reactions of alkanes.(a) The reaction of methane with excess chlorine.(b) Complete combustion of cyclohexane, C6H12, with excess oxygen.

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The balaced eqaution has to be written for the reaction of methane with excess of chlorine.

Concept introduction:

• Chemical equation is the representation of a chemical reaction, in which the reactants and products of the reactions are represented left and right side of an arrow respectively by using their respective chemical formulas.
• Reactant of a chemical reaction is the substrate compounds or the compounds which undergo a chemical reaction.
• Product of a chemical reaction is the produced compounds or the compounds formed after a chemical reaction.
• Balanced chemical equation of a reaction is written according to law of conservation of mass.
Explanation

The reaction between methane and chlorine gives carbontetrachloride and hydrogen chloride.

The reaction can be represented as

CH4+Cl2CCl4+HCl

The number carbon and hydrogen atom is not equal on the lefte and right side

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The balaced eqaution has to be written for the complete combustion of cyclohexane.

Concept introduction:

• Chemical equation is the representation of a chemical reaction, in which the reactants and products of the reactions are represented left and right side of an arrow respectively by using their respective chemical formulas.
• Reactant of a chemical reaction is the substrate compounds or the compounds which undergo a chemical reaction.
• Product of a chemical reaction is the produced compounds or the compounds formed after a chemical reaction.
• Balanced chemical equation of a reaction is written according to law of conservation of mass.

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