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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337408332
Chapter 23, Problem 2SQ
Textbook Problem
108 views

Most fungi obtain nutrients from _____.

  1. a. nonliving organic matter
  2. b. living plants
  3. c. living animals
  4. d. photosynthesis

Summary Introduction

Introduction: Fungi belong to the eukaryotic group that cannot prepare food on their own, instead they depend on other living or dead organisms for food. Hence, they come under heterotrophs. The members of this group are devoid of chlorophyll, and thus they are unable to carry out photosynthesis. Their size extends from single-celled group to a multi-celled group.

Explanation of Solution

Reason for the correct answer:

Most of the fungi are saprobes that obtain nutrients from dead organic matter; mainly, they use dead plant materials. There are several special enzymes present in their cells to absorb essential nutrients from the dead organic materials. If any living creature dies, within a few days, many fungal colonies would start to colonize upon its body and start to derive essential nutrients from the dead organic body.

Option a. is given as “non-living organic matter.” Since most of the fungal group always approach non-living organic matter for nutrition, option a. is the correct answer.

Reasons for incorrect answers:

Option b. is given as “living plants”...

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