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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640
Chapter 23, Problem 33PS
Textbook Problem
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Write the equation for the reaction of 1,4-dimethylbenzene with CH3Cl and AlCl3. What is the structure and name of the single organic compound produced?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The equation for the reaction of 1,4-trimethylbenzene with CH3Cl and AlCl3 has to be written. Also the structure with name of the single organic product formed has to be given.

Concept introduction:

Friedel-Craft alkylation reaction: The reaction between alkyl halide and benzene derivative in presence of AlCl3 is known as Friedel-Craft alkylation reaction.

The alkylation of benzene ring occurs via carbocation intermediate. The benzene ring with deactivating groups does not undergo Friedel-Craft reaction. As the reactivity for these derivatives are less than that of benzene.

Explanation of Solution

The given reaction is known as Friedel-Craft alkylation reaction in which benzene or benzene derivatives undergo alkylation in the presence of a lewis acid, AlCl3.

The alkylation takes place at 2 or ortho-position as already both the para positions are occupied.

The alkylating agent used is CH3Cl, which gives the methyl carbocation CH3+.

The methyl carbocation is substituted at 2 of the benzene ring via the attack of pi bond of benzene ring

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Chapter 23 Solutions

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
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